Go to the Undergraduate section
Go to the Postgraduate section
Go to the MBA section
Go to the Student Life section
Go to the Research section
Go to the Employers section
Go to the About section
Oxford Brookes Business School
+44 (0) 1865 482929
Teaching expertise: Development Economics, Quantitative Methods.
Rozana has over 20 years of teaching economics at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. She taught micro, macro, econometrics and development economics at Oxford, Cambridge, LSE and the University of Sydney.
10 MSc Students (supervision completed at Oxford and Oxford Brookes)
2 Phd Students (Oxford Brookes), ongoing.
Empirical invesigation into welfare, natural disasters and public policy using tools from statistics and microeconomics. Country expertise: India, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, Vietnam, Peru, Indonesia, UK
Advisory Board Member, Verite Research Asia (https://www.veriteresearch.org/)
Research Centre for Business, Society and Global Challenges, Oxford Brookes Business School
Research Associate, Centre for the Study of African Economies, Economics Department, Oxford (2014-2017)
2019-2022, "Future Indonesian Tsunamis: Towards End-to-end Risk quantification (FITTER)". Value: £440K. Funder: Lloyds, UK.
2019: Research Excellence Award, Oxford Brookes University
2017 Oxford Brookes Internal Small Grant, round 13.
2011 US$ 16000 (approx), World Bank to support research on returns to education over time based on pseudo-panel data
2010 US $ 9000 (approx), World Bank to support the writing of a technical paper
2002-2003 £5000 Montague Burton Award, Faculty of Economics and Politics, Cambridge
2002-2004 £5000 Cambridge Political Economy Trust Award
2003 £600 Smuts Fund Scholarship, University of Cambridge
2000 £500 Luca D'Agliano Award, University of Cambridge
2001/2004 £1300 Jesus College travel grant/St. John's College travel and conference grant
2000/2001 £6000 London School of Economics merit scholarship towards tuition fees
2000 US $ 3000, International Labour Organisation to write a paper on the national poverty alleviation programme Samurdhi in Sri Lanka
1998 US $ 10000, World Bank to write a technical paper on public policies to support the private sector in Sri Lanka
1993-1996 £50000 AUSAid John Crawford Merit Full Scholarship, University of Sydney.
Welfare effects of tsunamis (project: Future of Indonesian Tsunamis together with colleagues from UCL, Brunel and Indonesia)
Covid-19 and impact on new entrants to the UK labour market (with colleagues from Oxfor Brookes)
Why are boys falling behind? disparities in educational attainment in Sri Lanka
Austerity UK, OECD countries (together with Christopher Hood, Oxford)
Child Poverty, growth faltering, orphanhood using a life-course approach (data from Young Lives http://www.younglives.org.uk/
Girls in Engineering? (together with Pradeep Kumar Choudhury, JNU India)
Oxford Brookes Research Impact Case Study, REF 2021.
Underlying research for Oxford University REF2014 case study https://impact.ref.ac.uk/casestudies/CaseStudy.aspx?Id=4625
Research on Privatisation and labour issues used and cited in the Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF), World Bank and the Netherlands Consultant Trust Fund funded interactive CD-ROM Labour Issues in Infrastructure Reform Toolkit that provides practical tools and information to help policymakers and practitioners design, implement, and monitor labour programs in infrastructure reforms.
Work on Andhra Pradesh, India cited and used in House of Commons: International Development Committee (2011), 'The Future of DFID's Programme in India: Eighth Report of Session 2010-12, Volume 1: Ev115-116.
Hood, Heald, Himaz (2014) cited in Scottish Parliament Finance Committee Meeting 5 November 2014, session 4.
Research on Microfinance (under maiden name Salih) used in the Sri Lankan debate surrounding the Micro Finance Act. http://www.sundaytimes.lk/101114/BusinessTimes/bt10.html
Archived data in public domain: Himaz, R (2015) Fiscal Squeeze: UK Public Finance and Political Variables Data 1900-2015 UK Data Service, Reshare. As part of a ESRC funded grant end of project report
IDEAS/RepEc link https://ideas.repec.org/e/phi82.html
Verite Research, Asia http://www.veriteresearch.org/
The politics of cutting public spending or raising taxes (or both) has dominated politics in many democracies in recent years. A new era of conflict has developed with old political alignments and new battles emerging over whose expectations are disappointed and who should be blamed for fiscal squeeze. This books uses a mixed methods analysis and an interdesciplinary approach (economics and political science) to define episodes of squeeze and introduces an innovative methodological way of contextualising fiscal squeeze across time and space. The book also looks at 9 case studies including USA in the 1840s, UK in the 1920s, Argentina in the 2000s, Canada in the 1990s, New Zealand 1990s, Sweden 1990s, The Netherlands 1980s, Iremland in the 1980s-2000 and Germany 1990s and 2000s.
This article looks at the effect paternal death can have on non-cognitive outcomes at age 15 and 22 depending on whether a child lost the father in middle childhood or adolescence. The article uses the potential outcome framework to estimate results using five rounds of longitudinal survey data for Ethiopia collected between 2002 and 2016. It finds that the loss of the father in middle childhood reduces an orphan’s self-esteem significantly by 0.15 standard deviations and subjective wellbeing by 16 per cent. These effects are not persistent. Instead, the loss of the father between ages 12-22, encompassing early, middle and late adolescence have significant positive effects on agency, self-efficacy, self-esteem and peer relationships as a young adult aged 22, improving them by 0.31, 0.28, 0.31 and 0.26 standard deviations respectively. This suggests that a father’s death during a child’s adolescent years may be associated with positive adaptive behavior.
Economic trade theory suggests that the Belt Road Initiative (BRI) can lead to more trade and increases in welfare. However, this can also lead to various challenges. In this paper, we use recent literature in economics to identify three such challenges. The first is that there is increasing evidence of malinvestment in previous Chinese infrastructure investments, rising corporate debt and corruption. If the BRI worsens this phenomena, the consequent financial and economic crisis in China is likely to have serious contagion effects with global ramifications. Second, trade brings about winners and losers within a country and unless there is adequate redistribution of the gains within an economy it can lead to increased inequality, poverty and structural unemployment. Finally, there are negative consequences to the environment that trade expansion may bring about unless effective legal, political and economic institutions are in place addressing the issue.
This study employes a psuedo anel approach to estimate the returns to schooling among income earners in Sri Lanka. Pseudo panel data are constructed from nine repeated cross sections of Labour Force Survey data from 1998-2008 for males born between 1954-1973. The results show that an extra year of education increases monthly earnings by about 5 per cent using pseudo panel estimation rather than 9 per cent using OLS estimation. This shows that unpbservables such as ability and motivation, bias OLS returns upwards by about 4 per cent on average driven mainly by what happens in rural areas. It also suggests that males with higher abilities acquire more education in rural areas, in contrast to studies such as Warunsri and McNown (2010) for Thailand where the opportunity costs for education are high such that the more able seem to leave formal education for the job market.
This article uses conventional Engel curve demand analysis, as well as a double hurdle model, to explore whether there are intrahousehold differentials in the allocation of education expenditure between boys and girls in rural Sri Lanka. Contrary to the case in most developing countries, in Sri Lanka, there was a significant bias favoring girls for 1990–91 and 1995–96 for age group categories 8–9, 14–16, and 17–19, and in 2000 for age group categories 14–16 and 17–19. Significant differences in enrollment favoring girls aged 17–19 explain part of the girl bias observed in 1990–91 and 2000–2001, but most of the bias is driven by positive expenditure given enrollment. The biases favoring girls are observed at critical stages of the schooling career in the run‐up to key national exams. The 8–9 age group captures the run‐up to the year 5 scholarship exams that are used to gain entry to the better‐performing secondary schools. The 14–16 and 17–19 age groups capture those who read for important national‐level qualifications that are vital for the job market. This article also looks at various possible explanations for the bias.
This article looks at what observable characteristics influence a child being persistently stunted, moving from being stunted or moving into being stunted in middle childhood, between 7 and 12, using longitudinal data for Andhra Pradesh. It finds the key factors that help a child move out of being stunted are mother's education and coming from the more prosperous region of Coastal Andhra. In contrast, the key factors that pushed a child into being stunted were the child being a girl and being a younger sibling. We also find that children who moved out of being stunted consume a diet higher in protein and micronutrients than others. The article suggests that even if a child starts middle childhood with significant shortfalls in height accrued from earlier on in life, nutritional interventions and adult female education may have a positive impact on linear growth and perhaps mitigate consequences of early age stunting.
This paper asks whether an exgenous increase in household income in the context of a poverty alleviation program can have an impact on child anthropometric outcomes. The study evaluates the Samurdhi program for Sri Lanka and uses household data for 1999/2000. Using propensity score matching to account for selectivity bias the paper finds that the cash grant improves child height for age z-scored by 0.4 standard deviations driven mainly by those in the six to thirty six month category, compared to those children who didn't receive the grant. The grant also increases child weight for height z-scores by 0.45 standard deviations, driven mainly by those in the thirty six to sixty month category. The results are important for Sri Lanka where child nutrition is a cause for concern.
This chapter develops an innovative way of contextualising fiscal squeezes across space and time, using a mixed methods interdisciplinary approach.
This chapter looks at the triggers, processes and consequences of the sharp cuts in public expenditure recommended by the Geddes Committee and implemented in the 1920s in the UK, set in the context of the fiscal squeeze framwork.
The UK ‘Geddes Axe’ initiated under the Lloyd George coalition government in the 1920s became a byword for spending cuts in a slump. It comprised the largest expenditure squeeze in the UK between 1900 and 2013 except for demobilisation periods after the two World Wars. This chapter shows that the immediate trigger for the fiscal squeeze was a tax revolt by middle-class voters which panicked the government into cutting public spending and income tax rates. The cuts were made all at once rather than being phased, and the biggest falls came in social security spending, defence and education rather than ‘equal misery’ across all policy areas. The chapter argues that the most obvious long-term effect of the Geddes Axe was economic (exacerbating the sluggish economic performance and unemployment it was intended to mitigate), but that it also contributed to electoral realignment as between the Liberal and Labour parties after 1922.
This chapter examines what nine cases of fiscal squeeze in different democracies can reveal about the politics of austerity, combining overall quantitative comparisons with a set of qualitative accounts of those nine cases. It argues that fiscal squeeze in democracies is not invariably prompted by economic force majeure, contrary to the view that public spending growth in democracies can only be checked by exogenous forces or constitutional entrenchment. It further argues that there is no standard set of economic and financial preconditions for fiscal adjustment or consolidation, and that while fiscal squeeze often presents blame-avoidance challenges for incumbents, such squeezes do not necessarily produce deep political crisis or political violence. Nor are they invariably marked by major political turning-points or political cross-dressing in the form of ‘Nixon goes to China’ moments. The chapter concludes by reflecting on what policymakers in the next set of fiscal squeezes can and cannot learn from comparative experience.
education economics, impact evaluation, childhood poverty, microfinance, natural disasters, austerity.
Advsory Board Member, Verite Research Asia (2017 onwards)
ESRC Grant Review Panel
Committee Member, National Committee on Social Development (NCSD), Ministry of Social Services, Sri Lanka (2000)
Committee Member, Social Development Management Information System (SOMIS), Ministry of Social Services, Sri Lanka (2000)
External Consultant for the World Bank D. C. 1998, 2010, 2011.
Exernal Consultant for the International Labour Organisation (ILO) 2000.
External Consultant, Department of Politics, Oxford University, 2014-2015.
University of Oxford (2007-2014), various roles: Researcher, Young Lives Project, Department of International Development, Lecturer in Economics, Queens College, Oxford; Economics Department sub-faculty, Research Fellow at the Department of Politics and International Relations, Oxford; MSc Economics for Development (Supervisor, examiner).
University of Cambridge (2001-2004): Research Assistant Department of Applied Economics
Institute of Policy Studies, Sri Lanka (1997-2000), Research Economist
Rozana is an applied economist whose main research interests are on issues pertaining to welfare and public policy in developing countries (mainly South Asia, Ethiopia, Indonesia and Vietnam) as well as the UK. Her work is empirical in nature using large household datasets and longitudinal data. She has looked in particular at gender biases in within household resource allocation, education, childhood poverty, impact evaluation (e.g., microfinance and public programs), the politics of austerity and its consequences. She has published widely in leading journals including World Development, Economic Development and Cultural Change, Review of Development Economics and with publishers such as Oxford University Press. She read for her Ph. D. in Economics at the University of Cambridge, M.Sc in Economic History at the London School of Economics (LSE) and Bachelor of Economics (Honours), First Class degree at the University of Sydney, Australia.
Review of Hood, Heald, Himaz eds. (2014):
Review of Hood and Himaz (2017)