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International statistics Africa Statistics Asia and the Pacific statistics European statistics UK statistics
General search engines that are useful are Google's Public Data Explorer which can be used to identify relevant data sets and statistics. Quandl also offers free access to numerical time series data covering finance, economic and social datasets.
UK Data Service
Formerly known as Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), this is a national data service providing key economic and social data. Datasets previously found in ESDS are available under Key data by selecting the International macro data tab or by searching the new Discover catalogue. Examples include:
Bank for International Settlements
Publications and data on the global financial system and central bank community. Statistics are available on various elements of the global financial system including banking, securities, effective exchange rates and global liquidity indicators.
Monthly and quarterly data can be found on the Economy, Finance and Trade page within the Countries and Consumers drop down menu which offers a wide range of short-term economic indicators across 64 countries and allow an analysis of economic trends and developments in real time.
GlobalEDGE Database of International Business Statistics (DIBS)
This contains business statistical data on trade blocs, countries, and industries which can be accessed across specified years. Interested academics (i.e., students, faculty, and researchers affiliated with a higher education institution may download data free of charge but need to register on globalEDGE using an institutional (.edu or .gov) email address.
This new International Labour Organisation database of labour statistics provides annual and infra-annual labour market statistics for over 100 indicators and nearly 200 countries. The Yearly indicators dataset contains standardized indicators for purposes of greater comparability across countries and relies heavily on the official submission of data by national authorities. The Short term indicators dataset contains monthly, quarterly and half-year data drawn from official websites of national authorities and is updated on a monthly basis.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
This site contains details of IMF Finances and Country Information as well as the excellent World Economic Outlook which is published twice yearly and analyses global economic development. The Data and Statistics tab includes access to IMF times series data like the International Financial Statistics (IFS), Balance of Payments (BOPS), Direction of Trade (DOT), Government Financial Statistics (GFS), IMF Primary Commodity Prices and the Global Financial Stability Report. Additional access to these is provided through the UK Data Service under the International macro data tab.
IMF Economic Review
This journal was formerly know as IMF Staff Papers and is available electronically on Business Source Complete and in print at the Wheatley site (J332.1)
The OECD has 30 member countries and covers economic and social issues from macroeconomics, to trade, education, pensions, development and science and innovation. Some statistics from non-member countries such as Brazil, China, India etc. are also included in their publications. Some statistics are subscription only, however the Library does have access to the OECD Observer and OECD Economic Outlook in the OECDiLibrary. OECD Economic Surveys and OECD Economic Outlook are also available on Business Source Complete. OECD Employment outlook can be read online but not downloaded and is available in print in Wheatley Library.
Please note that the site features lots of freely accessible content, that you can freely download, such as
· OECD Factbook series – www.oecd-ilibrary.org/factbook
· OECD Factbook database – www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/data/oecd-factbook-statistics_factbook-data-en
· OECD Labour Force Statistics - http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/employment/oecd-labour-force-statistics_23083387;jsessionid=1tweppuea14jr.x-oecd-live-02
· OECD Working Papers – www.oecd-ilibrary.org/papers
· OECD Key Tables – www.oecd-ilibrary.org/statistics
· OECD in Figures - www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/oecd-in-figures_15615537
National Statistics Offices
This United Nations webpage provides excellent links to National Statistics Offices worldwide. Access to the information varies, however, some of the better sites provide all of the official government statistics and commentary for free. The page is divided into the five continents of Africa, America, Asia, Europe and Oceania and countries are listed alphabetically under their continent heading.
Principal Global Indicators
The PGI dataset provides internationally comparable data for the Group of 20 economies (G-20) and economies with systemically important financial sectors that are not members of the G-20. The PGI facilitates the monitoring of economic and financial developments for these jurisdictions. Launched in 2009, the PGI website is hosted by the IMF and is a joint undertaking of the Inter-Agency Group of Economic and Financial Statistics (IAG).
Tradeviews Tradeviews has been designed for companies in the shipping community that wish to gain a better perspective of global trade. The reports show country to country statistics and there is a free element to the website including 50 free commodity reports.
UNCTAD is the United Nations body responsible for dealing with development issues and international trade. It produces a wide range of data collected from national and international sources on international trade, economic trends, commodities, foreign direct investments, population and labour force, information economy and maritime transport. Most of the time series cover long periods, with some dating back to 1948, for almost all economies of the world.
UNCTAD World Investment Reports
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) World Investment Reports have been published annually since 1991 and cover the latest trends in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). Print editions are available in Wheatley Library (Oversize 332.673/UNI).
United Nations Statistics Division
The Statistical Database page contains links to databases (both unrestricted and subscription), such as the millennium development indicators (including country profiles). The National Statistics Offices webpage contains useful links and data sources. UNData is a data retrieval system for accessing all the UN statistical databases covering a wide range of themes including Education, Employment, Energy, Industry, Information and Communication Technology, National Accounts, Tourism and Trade.
The World Bank
The World Bank's Data and Statistics page has links to country information under its Countries tab and by selecting the Data Catalog tab, you can gain access to publications like World Development Indicators and African Development Indicators. The World Bank's Annual Report includes information about the Bank's projects and their performance in the six global regions, lending data and full financial statements. Datasets compiled and used for research are also freely available for analysis at the World Bank's Research Data and Analytical Tools website.
The Development Gateway was started by the World Bank and is now an international nonprofit organisation. It can be a useful source of development data and includes links to AidData (see below). World Development Indicators
This is the World Bank's premier annual compilation of data about development. The WDI includes more that 800 indicators in 90 tables organised in 6 sections: World View, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets and Global Links. Print editions are available in Headington and Wheatley Libraries (Statistics Collection 330.0212/WOR).
World Trade Organisation (WTO) International Trade and Tariff Data WTO International and Tariff Data provides access to a range of international trade statistics including:
African Centre for Statistics
ECA serves the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa as a regional service centre for data on economic, social, demographic, and environmental conditions in African countries. It produces reports such as the African Statistical Yearbook and has a statistical database called StatBase.
African Economic Outlook
This website reviews the economic, social and political developments of 53 African countries. Data and statistics are provided as well as individual country profiles. The website combines the expertise of the African Development Bank, the OECD Development Centre, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the United Nations Development Programme and a network of African think tanks and research centres to provide comprehensive and comparable data and analysis.
African Development Bank
The African Development Bank contributes to the economic and social progress of African countries. The website links to useful publications such as the African Development Report and the African Statistical Yearbook. It also includes the Africa Competitiveness Report which highlights the key issues that hinder improvements in Africa's competiveness and job growth. This is published in collaboration with the World Economic Forum and the World Bank.
African Development Indicators
The World Bank's collection of development indicators on Africa, compiled from officially-recognized international sources. It presents the most current and accurate global development data available, and includes national, regional and global estimates.
Aiddata is a new interactive database that tracks Chinese development finance flows to Africa from 2000 to 2011.
Asian Development Outlook This annual publication, produced by the Asian Development Bank, reviews the economic situation over Asia and the Pacific region and reviews each country, including Pacific islands separately.
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) Statistics for Asia and Pacific are provided by UNESCAP and updated on a quarterly basis. Data includes figures on population, industry, transport, internal and external trade, prices and financial statistics in selected countries or areas of the ESCAP region.
Development matters are also covered in the UN's Economic and Social Survey of Asia and the Pacific which is produced by the Poverty and Development division of UNESCAP and reviews the current economic situation of the region as well as the issues and challenges facing it over the next 12 months. The Asia-Pacific Development Journal is also available for free on this site.
European Central Bank The ECB is the central bank for Europe's single currency, the euro. Statistics and publications are available online. Useful publications include:
European Central Bank Economic Bulletin (formerly Monthly Bulletin) This bulletin reviews the economy of Europe and the Euro area. and can be downloaded from the European Central Bank web site at https://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/economic-bulletin/html/index.en.html.
Financial Stability Review The European Central Bank publishes twice the Financial Stability Review twice a year which provides an overview of the possible sources of risk and vulnerability to financial stability in the euro area. It can be downloaded from the ECB website at https://www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/fsr/html/index.en.html
Eurostat Eurostat is the Statistical Office of the European Communities. The statistical data is freely available and covers all aspects of the European Union and Euro zone. Themes covered include economy and finance, population and social conditions, industry, trade and services, agriculture, external trade, transport, environment and energy, and science and technology. General statistics include European Union and non-EU countries. Eurostat publications, such as the Statistics in Focus series, are also freely available online but you will need to register on the Eurostat website to gain access to certain data.
European Union Market Access Database (MADB) The Market Access Database is an operational tool of the European Union's Market Access Strategy, supporting a continuous three-way exchange information between the EU institutions, Member States and European business. It provides access to:
Eurostat also publishes business statistics that can be accessed through the Statistics Explained portal. Alternatively, Structural business statistics (SBS) cover industry, construction, trade and services and they describe the structure, conduct and performance of businesses across the European Union (EU) – data are available for the EU-27 and for the Member States.
Eurostat Regional Yearbook
This gives a broad range of statistical topics across the regions of the Member States of the European Union (EU), as well as the regions of EFTA and candidate countries. Each chapter presents statistical information in maps, figures and tables, accompanied by a description of the main findings, data sources and policy context. These regional indicators are presented for the following 11 subjects: economy, population, health, education, the labour market, structural business statistics, tourism, the information society, agriculture, transport, and science, technology and innovation.
Europe in figures - Eurostat yearbook 2010 This contains statistical information on how Europe's society, economy and environment is changing. Statistics are available on the growth of the economy, business activity, changes in society, environment, agriculture, etc. The yearbook can be downloaded free of charge but you will need to register on the Eurostat website to gain access.
This is the home of official UK Statistics containing statistics on the UK economy, business, population and society. The latest Inflation figures, GDP, population etc. can be found on the Key figures page or by selecting Economy from the top of the homepage. The browse by theme menu will allow you to view the statistics available thematically, for example by selecting Economy to find links to the Balance of Payments, National Accounts, Price Indices and Inflation, etc.
Times Series Data is available via the Data tab. The website contains economic and socio-economic statistical data from over 40,000 major National Statistics releases. Some of the series start from 1948. You can access individual series by going through different screen selections to get the series you want which you can then download into Excel.
Well known official publications like the United Kingdom National Account -The Blue Book ,the Balance of Payments - Pink Book, Economic Trends and Financial Statistics etc. for 2000 onwards can be found by using the Publications tab or putting the title of the publication you need in the search box.
Data.gov.uk This government project provides access to a range of public sector datasets which allows users to interact, link and create data resources. All data is non-personal and provided in a format that allows it to be reused. The data content covers all areas of government policy including economics and finance and business and industry.
HM Treasury The Treasury is the UK's economic and finance ministry and contains useful UK data, including the Budget. The Economic data and tools section has links to downloadable statistics such as the weekly economic indicators page which includes the Pocket Data Bank. This is a weekly publication which contains time-series data for a range of national and international indicators as an Excel file.
Bank of England Statistics The Bank publishes a range of monetary and financial statistics including domestic and international banking statistics. The Bank of England Statistical Interactive Database can be searched, navigated by the use of the tables provided or by using the A-Z listings.
Further links to UK statistical publications can be found on the UK Statistics page.