The Toolkit

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    We are very pleased to share our ‘Combat Human Trafficking’ Toolkit with you. 

    Human trafficking is one of the most profitable crimes today.  It involves the movement of victims, through force, coercion and abuse for the purpose of exploitation through forced prostitution, forced or bonded labour, forced criminality, domestic servitude, forced organ removal or the exploitation of children through the sex trade, begging or warfare.

    The nature and necessities of human trafficking- the requirement for continuous movement, temporary accommodation, supply of low cost products and services and the privacy offered to guests-means that the hotel industry is exposed and vulnerable to being used as a vehicle by traffickers.

    The Combat training toolkit is designed to help hotels proactively fight human trafficking by helping them to identify potential signals of trafficking throughout the ‘victim’s journey’ and erect barriers to combat trafficking.  Hospitality and tourism educators can also use the material within the toolkit within their programmes to educate future industry managers.  It comprises three reference guides for corporate, managerial and operational level staff which, provide the background to human trafficking and offer practical advice on the development of policies and procedures to counteract and disrupt trafficking and support trafficking victims. These reference guides offer trainers a ‘pick and mix’ approach so that they can tailor the contents to meet the needs of their training audience.  It also includes case studies of human trafficking presented from the victim’s perspective with accompanying power point slides for 30-minute training sessions, 10-minute training materials, an aide-memoire pocket card, awareness posters and a train-the-trainer manual. 

    The Combat toolkit is a key output from a 2-year research project funded with the support of the European Commission.  The research was conducted by a multi-disciplinary team of researchers from Oxford Brookes University, and the University of West London in the UK, the Lapland University of Applied Sciences in Finland, and the Ratiu Foundation for Democracy in Romania. 

    We hope you will use this toolkit and help to eradicate human trafficking.  We would also welcome any feedback on the toolkit; how it is being used and how helpful it is.

    Send your comments to The Centre for Diversity Policy and Practice or

    Professor Alexandros Paraskevas at

    Click here for the Toolkit Material

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    This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein

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