A3.14 Grading Schemes and Grade Point Average Regulations

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    Understanding the Grade Point Average

    Matthew Andrews, former Director of Academic and Student Affairs, talks about the GPA - what it is and how it affects students.

    1. The University adopts a core Grading Scheme for all its taught provision except where a specific exemption has been considered and agreed.  This section of the University Regulations sets out the core Grading Scheme.  Variations to the core Grading Scheme may be considered at the University Academic Enhancement and Standards Committee (AESC) upon the recommendation of a Faculty AESC.
    2. The core Grading Scheme includes both Final Grades and Provisional Grades.  Except where explicitly stated otherwise in these Regulations, Provisional Grades must be resolved to a Final Grade by no later than the last meeting of an Examination Committee for a given take of a module.
    3. The final summative judgement of a student's performance in an attempt at a module is expressed first as a percentage.  Grades and Grade Points where applicable, are derived automatically for each attempt at a module according to the percentage.
    1. Final Grades at level 6 or below for students outside the Grade Point Average (GPA) scheme (see Regulation A3.14.5.ii below).

    Percent Range

    Grade

    Pass / Fail

    Classification
    Equivalent

    Notes

    70 – 100

    A

    Pass

    First Class

     

    60 – 69

    B+

    Pass

    Upper Second Class

     

    50 – 59

    B

    Pass

    Lower Second Class

     

    41 – 49

    C

    Pass

    Third Class

     

    40

    D

    Pass

    Third Class

     

    40

    P

    Pass

    Third Class

    Capped pass at resit

    0 – 39

    FR

    Fail

    ---

    Fail at resit. Where the marks at the initial assessment and at resit differ, the higher mark will be awarded.

    0 – 39

    FW

    Fail

    ---

    Fail grade showing that either the student was withdrawn from the programme and thereby not entitled to resit or the student did not attempt the resit.

    0 – 29

    F

    Fail

    ---

    Fail. Not entitled to re-assessment without retaking the module.

    1. Final Grades at level 6 or below for students within the Grade Point Average (GPA) scheme (see Regulation A3.14.5.ii below).

    Percent Range

    Grade

    Grade Point

    Pass / Fail

    Classification
    Equivalent

    Notes

    75 – 100

    A+

    4.5

    Pass

    First Class

     

    70 – 74

    A

    4.0

    Pass

    First Class

     

    65 – 69

    B+

    3.5

    Pass

    Upper Second Class

     

    60 – 64

    B

    3.0

    Pass

    Upper Second Class

     

    55 – 59

    C+

    2.5

    Pass

    Lower Second Class

     

    50 – 54

    C

    2.0

    Pass

    Lower Second Class

     

    45 – 49

    D+

    1.5

    Pass

    Third Class

     

    40 – 44

    D

    1.0

    Pass

    Third Class

    Where a capped resit has been granted the maximum mark which can be achieved is 40D.

    0 – 39

    FR

    0.0

    Fail

    ---

    Fail at resit. Where the marks at the initial assessment and at resit differ, the higher mark will be awarded.

    0 – 39

    FW

    0.0

    Fail

    ---

    Fail grade showing that either the student was withdrawn from the programme and thereby not entitled to resit or the student did not attempt the resit.

    0 – 29

    F

    0.0

    Fail

    ---

    Fail. Not entitled to re-assessment without retaking the module.

    1. Final Grades at level 7 or above for students outside the Grade Point Average (GPA) scheme (see Regulation A3.14.5.ii below).

    Percent Range

    Grade

    Pass / Fail

    Classification
    Equivalent

     

    70 – 100

    DIST

    Pass

    Distinction

     

    60 – 69

    MERT

    Pass

    Merit

     

    50 – 59

    PASS

    Pass

    Pass

    Where a capped resit has been granted the maximum mark which can be achieved is 50PR.

    0 – 49

    FR

    Fail

     

    Fail at resit. Where the marks at the initial assessment and at resit differ, the higher mark will be awarded.

    0 – 49

    FW

    Fail

     

    Fail grade showing that either the student was withdrawn from the programme and thereby not entitled to resit or the student did not attempt the resit.

    0 – 29

    F

    Fail

     

    Fail. Not entitled to re-assessment without retaking the module.

    1. Final Grades at level 7 or above for students within the Grade Point Average (GPA) scheme (see Regulation A3.14.5.ii below).

    Percent Range

    Grade

    Grade Point

    Pass / Fail

    Classification
    Equivalent

    Notes

     

    75 – 100

    A+

    4.5

    Pass

    First Class

     

    70 – 74

    A

    4.0

    Pass

    First Class

     

    65 – 69

    B+

    3.5

    Pass

    Upper Second Class

     

    60 – 64

    B

    3.0

    Pass

    Upper Second Class

     

    55 – 59

    C+

    2.5

    Pass

    Lower Second Class

     

    50 – 54

    C

    2.0

    Pass

    Lower Second Class

    Where a capped resit has been granted the maximum mark which can be achieved is 50PR.

    0 – 49

    FRP

    0.0

    Fail

    ---

    Fail at resit. Where the marks at the initial assessment and at resit differ, the higher mark will be awarded.

    0 – 49

    FWP

    0.0

    Fail

    ---

    Fail grade showing that either the student was withdrawn from the programme and thereby not entitled to resit or the student did not attempt the resit.

    0 – 29

    F

    0.0

    Fail

    ---

    Fail. Not entitled to re-assessment without retaking the module.

    1. Final Grades at any level.  Attempts at any module which result in one of the Final Grades listed in this table are excluded from the GPA calculation (see A3.14.5.v below), with the exception of credit grades with marks CR, CF and CE.

    Grade

    Meaning

    Percentage Range

    S

    An Ungraded Pass when assessment based on pass/fail only. On acceptable modules Honours classification will be taken over fewer modules.

    Ungraded

    EX

    Exemption, the module does not have to be passed to satisfy the requirements of an award but neither will it count towards the requirements of an award if taken.

    Ungraded

    CR

    Transferred certificated credit. Equivalent learning has been achieved elsewhere. The module (and marks if any) may be used to satisfy the requirements of an award. A CR grade without marks is an ungraded credit.

    0 – 100 or
    Ungraded

    CF

    Transferred certificated credit failed. Equivalent learning has been failed elsewhere. The credit will count against total number of modules taken.

    0 – 39 or
    Ungraded

    CE

    Credit for experiential learning which has been assessed. The module may be used to satisfy the requirements of an award. A CE grade without marks is an ungraded credit.

    0 – 100 or
    Ungraded

    MS

    An Ungraded pass arising from mitigating circumstances. This grade can only be awarded in the final semester of a graduating programme.

    Ungraded

    DR

    Module take disregarded through mitigation: a grade showing that the subsequent take of the module will stand and this take will not count toward the requirements of an award.

    0 – 99

    DW

    Module take withdrawn through mitigation: a grade showing that the previous take of the module will stand and this take will not count toward the requirements of an award

    0 – 99

    EXT

    Administrative Extension Final: a grade showing that the Examination Committee has been unable to finalise the grade/mark for technical/procedural reasons, including problems with placement providers. This grade is not used in relation to mitigating circumstances. This grade can be used at the first Exam Committee if it is not appropriate to use the EXR grade. This grade will remain on the student record against the appropriate take of the module and will not count towards the requirements of an award. The subsequent take of the module will stand.

    Ungraded

    ZR

    Module take disregarded through approved changed assessment arrangements: a grade showing that the subsequent take of the module will stand and this take will not count toward the requirements of an award.

    0 - 99

    1. All Provisional Grades may be used for modules at any level of study.
    2. The following are Provisional Grades that must be resolved to one of the final grades by the Examination Committee following the resit opportunity, i.e. by the final Examination Committee within the take of a module.

    Grade

    Meaning

    Percentage Range

    RC

    Resit of coursework only: if passed at resit, the mark obtained will be capped.

    30 – 39 (30 – 49 at level 7 or above)

    RE

    Resit of examination only: if passed at resit, the mark resit obtained will be capped.

    30 – 39 (30 – 49 at level 7 or above)

    RB

    Resit of both coursework and examination: if passed, the mark obtained will be capped.

    30 – 39 (30 – 49 at level 7 or above)

    DC

    Resit through mitigation of coursework only: the mark obtained at resit will be un-capped.

    0 – 99

    DE

    Resit through mitigation of examination only: the mark obtained at resit will be un-capped.

    0 – 99

    DB

    Resit through mitigation of coursework and examination: the mark obtained at resit will be un-capped.

    0 – 99

    DF

    Deferred Administrative: a grade showing that the Examination Committee has yet to finalise the grade/mark for technical/procedural reasons, including problems with placement providers. This grade is not used in relation to mitigating circumstances.

    Ungraded

    EXR

    Administrative Extension Resit: a temporary grade showing that the first Examination Committee has been unable to finalise the grade/mark for technical/procedural reasons, including problems with placement providers. This grade is not used in relation to mitigating circumstances. This grade will allow students extra time to complete the requirements for a module up until the resit submission deadlines.

    Ungraded

    ZC

    Resit through approved changed assessment arrangements of coursework only: the mark obtained at resit will be un-capped.

    0 - 99

    ZE

    Resit through approved changed assessment arrangements of examination only: the mark obtained at resit will be un-capped.

    0 - 99

    ZB

    Resit through approved changed assessment arrangements of coursework and examination: the mark obtained at resit will be un-capped.

    0 - 99

    1. The following Provisional Grade must be resolved to one of the Final Grades by a date set by the Examination Committee at which the grade is awarded.

    Grade

    Meaning

    Percentage Range

    DD

    Deferred Disciplinary: the module grade and all further Examination Committee decisions are deferred pending the outcome of the disciplinary process.

    Ungraded

    1. When a European transfer is agreed, the other institution should provide a transcript in which the study is specified as ECTS credits. These units are twice the size of the units used in the UK so that 7.5 ECTS credits correspond to one module credit at Brookes. If the results are reported as ECTS grades (A, B, C, D, E) then a mark should also be transferred as specified on form M8 Euro using Schedule 4 below. Institutional grades may only be transferred with marks if a complete schedule has been recommended by the relevant Faculty Academic Enhancement and Standards Committee.
    2. This column labelled “Incoming ECTS Grade Percentage Equivalence” shows the mark that will be awarded at Brookes when a student has been awarded a grade within the range specified at another institution.

    Percent Range

    ECTS Grade

    Incoming ECTS Grade Percentage Equivalence

    70 – 100

    A

    74

    60 – 69

    B

    65

    55 – 59

    C

    58

    47 – 54

    D

    51

    40 – 46

    E

    44

    30 – 39

    FX

    30 – 39

    0 – 29

    F

    0 – 29

    1. The Grade Point Average (GPA) is the mean average of a student's performance over a group of modules.  This group of modules may vary, e.g. it may be all the modules taken by a student during their time at Brookes, all modules taken to date, or only those modules taken in a given academic year.  The rules for deriving the GPA, however, remain the same in all cases.  Unless otherwise qualified, the GPA refers to a student's performance on all the modules taken as part of their programme according to the rules herein described.
    2. Students included within the GPA scheme (whether full- or part-time) are those on a programme leading to an award at Level 6 or below with a commencement date as follows:
      • entering Stage 1 (year 1) of their programmes on or after 1 September 2013; or
      • entering Stage 2 (year 2) of their programmes on or after 1 September 2014 provided no credit will be counted towards their programme which was awarded before 1 September 2013; or
      • entering Stage 2 (year 3) of their programmes on or after 1 September 2015 provided no credit will be counted towards their programme which was awarded before 1 September 2013.

      All students who started Stage 1 before 1 September 2013 will continue under the grading scheme in force at the time they entered their programme and will be outside the GPA.

    3. The calculation of the degree classification is entirely independent of the calculation of the GPA.  Rules concerning the classification of degrees are contained in the relevant Specific Regulations for the programme concerned.
    4. The GPA is a mean average with each module counting equally according to its credit value, i.e. 1 credit carries equal weighting irrespective of level, subject, when taken etc.  This means that, for example, at level 4, 5, or 6 a single module (15 credits) counts once in the calculation of the GPA, a double module (30 credits) counts twice and so on. 
    5. Unless specifically exempted, all attempts at a module count in the classification of the GPA.  Only attempts at a module which result in the award of one of the Final Grades listed in the table at A3.14.2.v above are specifically excluded from the GPA calculation.
    6. All repeated attempts at a module will count towards the GPA each time the module is attempted (unless exempted for one of the reasons specified in A3.14.5.v above). Failed attempts, for example, count as a zero in the GPA calculation; they are not excluded from the calculation.
    7. The GPA is calculated to two decimal places and although a simple mean average, the maximum GPA is capped at 4.00. Eligibility to receive an award is not dependent in any way upon a student's GPA and a student may therefore graduate with any GPA up to and including 4.00.
    8. The GPA is printed on a student's degree certificate along with their degree classification.
  • For further information about these regulations, please contact the Academic Registrar.

    Approved: Academic Board, 11 July 2013

    Last updated:

    • Academic Enhancement & Standards Committee, 4th December 2013 (updated to 3.14.2.iv and 3.14.3.ii)
    • Academic Enhancement & Standards Committee, 28 January 2015 (update to 3.14.2.iv and 3.14.3.ii)
    • Academic Enhancement & Standards Committee, 14 September 2016 (A3.14.4 amended to remove reference to Combined Studies Examination Committee)
    • Academic Enhancement & Standards Committee, 24 May 2017 (amendments to A3.14.2 Final Grades)