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Department of Social Sciences
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
+44 (0)1865 483693
Chrissie (Christina) Steenkamp is a senior lecturer in Social and Political Change. She teaches and conducts research in the areas of Politics and International Relations, with a specific interest in Peace and Conflict Studies. Originally South African, she has taught at universities in South Africa, Northern Ireland and England. She holds degrees from the University of Stellenbosch (South Africa); an MA (Comparative Ethnic Conflict) from Queen's University, Belfast, and a PhD in Politics from the University of York (UK). In her research, she is particularly interested in the impact of violence on peacebuilding and the relationship between organised crime, conflict and peace. She has conducted extensive fieldwork on these topics in South Africa, Northern Ireland and Jordan.
Dr Steenkamp is also the subject coordinator for the Politics (PO) Joint Honours and International Relations and Politics (RX) Single Honours subjects.
Dr Steenkamp invites applications from prospective research students with interests in issues related to violent intrastate conflict, organised crime and peacebuilding, or in the conflicts of the Middle East.
Chrissie conducts research in the broad area of Peace and Conflict Studies, with an emphasis on intrastate violent conflict and its resolution. She is particularly interested in the study of violence and organised crime in the context of peacebuilding.
She has carried out extensive fieldwork in Northern Ireland, Jordan and South Africa on issues related to post-conflict violence, organised crime and its relationship to violent conflict. She has written two books on violence and crime during war and peace, and has published several journal articles on these and related topics. Dr Steenkamp is currently working on several projects, including investigating the use of tunnels in conflicts in the Middle East, and the impact of the illegal amphetamine Captagon on Jordan. She has started writing a new book about the relationship between peacebuilding and organised crime in the Middle East.
Her research has been funded by the GCRF, the Quaker Foundation and the National Research Foundation (South Africa). Dr Steenkamp has acted as a reviewer for various peer reviewed journals and academic publishers, and has externally examined PhD theses at universities in South Africa, England and Australia.
She is the co-ordinator of the Critical Security Studies research group within the Department and is a member of the Board of the Centre for Global Politics, Economy and Society.
Critical Security Studies research group
State and Society research group
£10 137 from GCRF Global Challenges Collaborative Research Awards 2019-22. Project title: The impact of the amphetamine Captagon on Jordan.
Current projects include:
- 2020: The role of tunnels in conflict in the Middle East (journal article)
- 2021-22: The impact of the amphetamine Captagon on Jordan (funded research project)
- 2020-2022: Conflict, organised crime and peacebuidling in the Middle East (book project)
Dr Steenkamp has extensive experience in engaging with non-academic user groups to disseminate research findings, with audiences including representatives from NATO; the UN; NGO’s and national level policy makers.
Steenkamp, Christina. (Forthcoming 2021) ‘Post-accord violence’ in MacGinty, R. and Anthony Wanis St John (eds.) Contemporary Peacemaking. Peace processes, peacebuilding and conflict. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Steenkamp, Christina. (Forthcoming 2020) ‘The Crime-Terror nexus in Iraq and Syria’, in Paoli, Letizia; Jan Wouters and Cyrille Fijnaut (eds.) Organized Crime and Terrorism: What is the Nexus? Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2017) 'The Crime-Conflict Nexus and the Civil War in Syria', Stability: The International Journal of Security and Development, 6(1): pp.1-18.
Steenkamp C. (2011) 'In the shadows of war and peace: making sense of violence after peace accords', Conflict, Security and Development, 11 (3): pp. 357-383.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2009) Xenophobia in South Africa: What does it say about trust?’, The Round Table: Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 98(403), pp. 439-448.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2008) ‘Loyalist paramilitary violence after the Belfast Agreement’, Ethnopolitics, 7(1), pp. 59-176.
Steenkamp, Chrissie. (2005) ‘The legacy of war: Conceptualizing a ‘Culture of Violence’ to explain violence after peace accords’, The Round Table. The Commonwealth Journal of International Relations, 94(2), pp. 253-268.
Steenkamp, C. (2010) 'Low Intensity Violence', in the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, Nigel Young (ed). Oxford: Oxford University.
Steenkamp, C. (2010) 'Violence and Social Conflict', in the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, Nigel Young (ed). Oxford: Oxford University.
Steenkamp, C. (2010) 'South Africa: Anti-Apartheid Struggles', in the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, Nigel Young (ed). Oxford: Oxford University.
Organised crime and the Syrian civil war
Organised crime and the Iraq conflict
Peace processes and violence
Member of the Conflict Research Society (CRS)
Member of the ECPR (European Consortium of Political Research)
Member of ISA (International Studies Association)
Selected Conference Papers
Steenkamp, C. (2019) ‘ The Peace-Crime nexus: Organised crime and peacebuilding in the Middle East’, ISA annual conference, Toronto, 27-30 March 2019.
Steenkamp, C. (2018) ‘Organised Crime and Peace Mediation’, at Rethinking Peace Mediation workshop, British Mission at the UN, New York, 15-16 November 2018.
Steenkamp, C. (2018) ‘ The Peace-Crime Nexus: How organised crime can support and challenge peacebuilding‘, Conflict Research Society conference, Birmingham University, 17-18 September.
Steenkamp, C. (2018) ‘Post-war reconstruction and the commemoration of war’, Mellon-Sawyer Research Seminar Series, Oxford University, 10 February.
Steenkamp, C. (2017) ‘Narcotics and the war in Syria: What does it mean for peace?’, Conflict Research Society conference, Oxford, 18-19 September.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2017) ‘Roundtable: The conflict in Syria: Dilemmas and Implications.’ ISA-CISS conference, Bologna, 28-30 June.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2016) 'Crime, war and the prospects for peace in Syria', BISA Annual Conference, Edinburgh, 15-17 June.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2014) 'From the crime-war nexus to the crime-peace nexus: crime and the prospects for peace in the Syrian civil war', Peace Studies Conference, University of Bradford, 1-3 May.
Steenkamp, Chrissie. (2011) ‘Coping with Violence: The responses of African foreigners to xenophobia in South Africa’. National and International Perspectives on Crime Reduction and Criminal Justice Conference, organised by the Institute for Security Studies, South Africa. Johannesburg, 1-2 December.
Steenkamp, Christina (2009) ‘Violent crime and democracy after peace accords’, ECPR 5th general conference, Potsdam, 10-12 September.