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Department of Social Sciences
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
+44 (0)1865 483693
Chrissie (Christina) Steenkamp is a senior lecturer in Social and Political Change. She teaches and conducts research in the areas of Politics and International Relations, with a specific interest in Peace and Conflict Studies. Originally South African, she has taught at universities in South Africa, Northern Ireland and England. She holds degrees from the University of Stellenbosch (South Africa); an MA (Comparative Ethnic Conflict) from Queen's University, Belfast, and a PhD in Politics from the University of York. In her research, she is particularly interested in the role of violence in peacebuilding and the relationship between organised crime, conflict and peace. She has conducted extensive fieldwork on these topics in South Africa, Northern Ireland and Jordan.
Dr Steenkamp is also the subject coordinator for the Politics (PO) Joint Honours and International Relations and Politics (RX) Single Honours subjects.
Dr Steenkamp invites applications from prospective research students with interests in issues related to violent intrastate conflict, organised crime and peacebuilding.
Chrissie conducts research in the broad area of Peace and Conflict Studies, with an emphasis on intrastate violent conflict and its resolution. She is particularly interested in the study of violence and crime in the context of peacebuilding.
She has carried out extensive fieldwork in Northern Ireland, Jordan and South Africa on issues related to post-conflict violence and organised crime. She has written two books on violence and crime in the contexts of war and peace, and has published several journal articles on these and related topics. Dr Steenkamp is currently conducting research on the use of tunnels in conflicts in the Middle East, as well as on narcotics and organised crime in Jordan. She has started work on a new book about the relationship between peacebuilding and organised crime in the Middle East. Dr Steenkamp has acted as a reviewer for various peer reviewed journals and academic publishers, and has externally examined PhD theses at universities in South Africa, England and Australia.
She is the co-ordinator of the Critical Security Studies research group within the Department and is a member of the Board of the Centre for Global Politics, Economy and Society.
She will be on sabbatical from January - June 2020 to conduct fieldwork in Jordan.
Critical Security Studies research group
State and Society research group
Steenkamp, Christina. ‘The Peace-Crime nexus in Iraq; Syria and Lebanon’, under review with Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2017) 'The Crime-Conflict Nexus and the Civil War in Syria', Stability: The International Journal of Security and Development, 6(1): pp.1-18.
Steenkamp C. (2011) 'In the shadows of war and peace: making sense of violence after peace accords', Conflict, Security and Development, 11 (3): pp. 357-383.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2009) Xenophobia in South Africa: What does it say about trust?’, The Round Table: Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 98(403), pp. 439-448.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2008) ‘Loyalist paramilitary violence after the Belfast Agreement’, Ethnopolitics, 7(1), pp. 59-176.
Steenkamp, Chrissie. (2005) ‘The legacy of war: Conceptualizing a ‘Culture of Violence’ to explain violence after peace accords’, The Round Table. The Commonwealth Journal of International Relations, 94(2), pp. 253-268.
Steenkamp, C. (2010) 'Low Intensity Violence', in the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, Nigel Young (ed). Oxford: Oxford University.
Steenkamp, C. (2010) 'Violence and Social Conflict', in the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, Nigel Young (ed). Oxford: Oxford University.
Steenkamp, C. (2010) 'South Africa: Anti-Apartheid Struggles', in the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace, Nigel Young (ed). Oxford: Oxford University.
Syrian civil war and organised crime
Member of the Conflict Research Society (CRS)
Member of the ECPR (European Consortium of Political Research)
Member of ISA (International Studies Association)
Selected Conference Papers
Steenkamp, C. (2019) ‘ The Peace-Crime nexus: Organised crime and peacebuilding in the Middle East’, ISA annual conference, Toronto, 27-30 March 2019.
Steenkamp, C. (2018) ‘Organised Crime and Peace Mediation’, at Rethinking Peace Mediation workshop, British Mission at the UN, New York, 15-16 November 2018.
Steenkamp, C. (2018) ‘ The Peace-Crime Nexus: How organised crime can support and challenge peacebuilding‘, Conflict Research Society conference, Birmingham University, 17-18 September.
Steenkamp, C. (2018) ‘Post-war reconstruction and the commemoration of war’, Mellon-Sawyer Research Seminar Series, Oxford University, 10 February.
Steenkamp, C. (2017) ‘Narcotics and the war in Syria: What does it mean for peace?’, Conflict Research Society conference, Oxford, 18-19 September.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2017) ‘Roundtable: The conflict in Syria: Dilemmas and Implications.’ ISA-CISS conference, Bologna, 28-30 June.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2016) 'Crime, war and the prospects for peace in Syria', BISA Annual Conference, Edinburgh, 15-17 June.
Steenkamp, Christina. (2014) 'From the crime-war nexus to the crime-peace nexus: crime and the prospects for peace in the Syrian civil war', Peace Studies Conference, University of Bradford, 1-3 May.
Steenkamp, Chrissie. (2011) ‘Coping with Violence: The responses of African foreigners to xenophobia in South Africa’. National and International Perspectives on Crime Reduction and Criminal Justice Conference, organised by the Institute for Security Studies, South Africa. Johannesburg, 1-2 December.
Steenkamp, Christina (2009) ‘Violent crime and democracy after peace accords’, ECPR 5th general conference, Potsdam, 10-12 September.