Journal articles Lim RM, Novo de Azevedo L, Cooper J, 'Embracing the conceptual shift on new ways of experiencing the city and learning urban design: Pedagogical methods and digital technologies' Journal of Urban Design 21 (5) (2015) pp.638-660ISSN: 1357-4809 eISSN: 1357-4809Abstract The innovations of the twenty-first century in digital technology and media have had major influences in the way young urbanites and future city designers think as well as experience places. In embracing this conceptual shift of how new communication technologies are changing people’s perceptions, experiences and ways of knowing the city, Oxford Brookes University continues to develop pedagogical methods which use new media in the teaching, learning and production of contemporary urban design. These methods are examined in this paper in the context of three undergraduate modules: • Taking the urban design learning experience out of the classroom and into the field using mobile lectures; • Using digital media in research and engaging with oral, visual and sensory experiences; • Developing design communication skills using video, animation, interactive PDFs and website design; • Bringing new perspectives to classic theoretical concepts by engaging with different media: Cullen’s Townscape from serial experiences in drawing to animated photographs and videos. These pedagogical innovations in experiencing, researching, designing and analyzing cityscapes have had a dramatic effect on the ability of students to transform themselves into design-aware and creative emerging practitioners. These are assessed for understanding the way students learn and the relevance of these skills for future practice. Website Cooper J, Su M, Oskrochi R, 'The influence of fractal dimension and vegetation on the perceptions of streetscape quality in Taipei: with comparative comments made in relation to two British case studies' Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 40 (1) (2013) pp.43-62ISSN: 0265-8135 eISSN: 0265-8135Abstract In this study we seek to determine the relationship between fractal dimension, the presence of vegetation, and pedestrian perception of streetscape in Taipei, Taiwan. We provide a fractal analysis of street vistas present in Taipei, calculate the amount of vegetation visible in the streets, and assess the perception of the visual quality characteristic of those streets. Correlations between the resultant fractal dimensions, the physical characteristics of the streets, and scores for a single measure of perceived visual quality are discussed and compared with the results from two similar British case studies. The key findings are that judgments of the visual quality of streetscapes are influenced by the presence of vegetation, but they are influenced more by changes in fractal dimension. Vegetation is shown have a strong, positive, and significant correlation with perceptions of variety, coherence, beauty, interest, and preference. Higher levels of vegetation were found in views that were judged as varied, coherent, beautiful, interesting, and likeable. The presence of visible sky and buildings in a view have negative correlations with judgments of variety and interest. The presence of visible boundaries, vehicles, signage, and street furniture all have strong positive correlations with judgments of complexity; conversely, they have strong negative correlations with judgments of order, coherence, and beauty. In the UK cases complexity was correlated positively with perceptions of visual quality, but in the Taiwanese case it was correlated negatively.Website Oskrochi R, Cooper J, Watkinson D, 'Fractal analysis and perception of visual quality in everyday street vistas' Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 37 (5) (2010) pp.808-822ISSN: 0265-8135 eISSN: 0265-8135Abstract Fractal analysis offers potential as a tool for evaluating the visual qualities of street vistas. In this paper we outline the concept of fractal dimension as a measure of texture in images of built form and describe a methodology for comparing fractal dimension with perceptions of visual quality in street vistas. We find that a positive relationship exists between levels of fractal dimension and judgments of visual quality in street vistas and outline the applications that this relationship may have. Website Cooper J, Oskrochi R, 'Fractal analysis of street vistas: a potential tool for assessing levels of visual variety in everyday street scenes' 35 (2) (2008) pp.349-363ISSN: eISSN: Abstract Fractal analysis and the calculation of fractal dimension offer the potential for the numerical characterisation of places by providing a synthetic measurement of place complexity. This paper provides a fractal analysis of street vistas linking the calculation of fractal dimension to the perception of levels of visual variety present in everyday urban streets. A technique for calculating street vista fractal dimensions of textures extracted from greyscale images is presented, and correlations between the resultant fractal dimension and scores for perceived visual variety are discussed.Website Cooper J, 'Assessing urban character: the use of fractal analysis of street edges' Urban Morphology 9 (2) (2005) pp.95-107ISSN: 1027-4278 eISSN: 1027-4278Abstract Fractal analysis can provide a synthetic measurement of place complexity and thereby allow a numerical characterization of places. A fractal analysis of street edges is provided, linking the calculation of fractal dimension to the presence of the physical features making up a street edge. A technique for calculating street edge fractal dimensions is presented and speculation on the use of fractal analysis in comparing the character of differing places is made.