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Bh Business and Management
The existing literature on Chinese Indonesians has so far tended to take an approach of either victimization and marginalization or a focus on elite businessmen and their economic influence. This volume takes a different perspective. The Chinese in Indonesia were not only innocent victims of history, but were simultaneously active agents of change. Chinese Indonesians from different walks of life played an active role in shaping society during regime changes and found creative and constructive ways to deal with situations of adversity. This book demonstrates that regime changes in Indonesia did not only pose threats of violence, but also offered opportunities that induced “agency” on the part of Chinese Indonesians to shape their own destinies and that of the country.
The aim of this paper is to explore ways in which small tourism-based enterprises can offer a crisis-resilient pathway to sustainable development. Based on a mixedembeddedness framework, this paper explores the multiple strategies which small enterprises in the silver souvenir industry of Kotagede (Yogyakarta, Indonesia) applied to cope with hardship during the Indonesian decade of crisis (1996-2006). This paper makes two contributions to current literature. The first contribution is conceptual arguing that an embeddedness approach sensitive to location-specific characteristics is a promising road towards a better understanding of small tourism enterprises as a crisisresilient development pathway. The second contribution is empirical offering longitudinal primary data on small firm performance against the background of fluctuations in the tourism industry. The data on which this paper builds stem from qualitative research conducted in Yogyakarta over a time span of 20 years. So doing, this paper also addresses the question of what potential small businesses offer to become agents of the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.
Family values are argued to enable ethical family business conduct. However, how these arise, evolve, and how family leaders articulate them is less understood. Using an ‘identity work’ approach, this paper finds that the values underpinning identity work: (1) arise from multiple sources (in our case: religion, culture and sustainability), (2) evolve in tandem with the context; and, (3) that their articulation is relational and aspirational, rather than merely historical. Prior research mostly understood family values as rooted in the past and relatively stable, but our rhetorical analysis unlocks a more dynamic and promising research direction advancing family business ethics.
This article introduces the Special Issue concerned with organizational spirituality, symbolism and storytelling. Stressing the growing scholarly interest in these topics, the article makes a two-fold contribution. First, it critically assesses their development over time while identifying the emerging trends and new ways spirituality, symbolism and storytelling are taken up in management and organization studies. We make a case for utilizing their promise to transcend the epistemic boundaries and extend the scope of our academic practice beyond self-referential approaches or ‘fashionable’ topics. Second, it links them to what we term the current crises of imagination, calling into question extant institutional and organizational paradigms, as well as the theoretical frames we rely on in our teaching and research. The multiple crises we face -- economic, financial, food, water, energy, climate, migration and security -- we suggest, are partly due to the fragmentation of meaning that bedevils our scholarship and, implicitly, the failure of our collective imagination. Reaching across foundational disciplines and core methodologies, we bring into the conversation the interlocking fields of spirituality, symbolism and storytelling highlighting their potential for addressing the cardinal challenges we face as citizens of this world as much as organizational scholars.
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has been identified by the UN as one of the seven major threats to global maritime security; it causes loss of economic revenue, severe environmental damage, and far-reaching livelihood implications for coastal communities. Indonesia, by far the biggest archipelagic state, faces enormous challenges in all aspects of IUU fishing and addressing those is one of the current Indonesian Government’s top priorities. This article addresses the under-researched dimension of how IUU fishing affects fishing communities. With the use of collage making focus groups with fishermen from different Indonesian fishing communities, the research highlights the interrelated environmental (depletion of resources), socio-economic (unbridled illegal activities at sea), cultural (favouritism) and political (weak marine governance) dimensions of IUU fishing as experienced at the local level. However, the research also indicates a strong will by fishermen to be seen as knowledge agents who can help solve the problem by better dissemination of information and cooperation between the local government(s) and the fishing communities. The article concludes by arguing for the involvement of local fishing communities in national and international policy making that addresses IUU fishing.
This study investigates how business leaders dynamically narrate their aspirational ethical leadership identities. In doing so, it furthers understanding of ethical leadership as a process situated in time and place. The analysis focuses on the discursive strategies used to narrate identity and ethics by ethnic Chinese business leaders in Indonesia after their conversion to Pentecostal–charismatic Christianity. By exploring the use of metaphor, our study shows how these business leaders discursively deconstruct their ‘old’ identities and construct their ‘new’ aspirational identities as ethical leaders. This leads to the following contributions. First, we show that ethical leadership is constructed in identity talk as the business leaders actively narrate aspirational identities. Second, the identity narratives of the business leaders suggest that ethical leadership is a context-bound and situated claim vis-à-vis unethical practice. Third, we propose a conceptual template, identifying processes of realisation and inspiration followed by significant shifts in understanding, for the study of aspirational ethical leadership.
This chapter discusses the normative complexity of private security. It critically debates the stigmatization of private security companies and the limitations of legal regulation, and highlights the role of self-regulation in the form of corporate ethics and (international) branch standards. Based on a review of scholarly literature, (inter)national cases, and examples from fieldwork in South Africa, the chapter captures the growing plurality of actors and voices in a vastly diversifying private security sector. In order to overcome the traditional bias towards private security and its corporate sector, it advocates an organizational anthropological approach to uncover regulatory alternatives and the ethical and normative diversity that is essential to a comprehensive understanding of the privatization of security.
Autoethnography is a research approach in which the researcher uses personal experiences to examine cultural practices. In a coaching context this could mean seeking answers to questions such as: What does it mean to train to be a coach? What does it mean to be an internal coach in a multinational company? What does it mean to be a coach returning to work after a career break? Other methodologies could be used to address these questions. Where autoethnography differs, however, is in its ability to elucidate, through close examination, the mutual influence of the researcher’s personal experience (as subject) and the research context. The questions above are often either posed by a researcher to a research participant or are addressed in a purely autobiographical manner, without also examining the cultural context in which the experiences take place. Autoethnography, uniquely, interweaves the two. Autoethnography has rarely been applied to coaching and we feel this presents a missed opportunity since it provides an effective way to close the gap between coaching research and practice. In particular, the use of autoethnography could help to give voice, compel response, and offer insight into the social and cultural structures that impact on coaching by examining personal experiences and practices within a broader context (e.g. that of coaching practice or of specific organisational settings in which coaching takes place). With the growing interest in using autoethnography in and for professional practice and in organisational research, we are of the opinion that autoethnography holds value for coaching research, too. To determine what autoethnography has to offer coaching research, we will explore in this chapter what autoethnography is, how autoethnography may be applied to coaching research and to what end. In the first part of the chapter we show our sense-making of the literature on autoethnography and how it relates to other forms of ethnography. We address the distinctive features of autoethnography and the implications it has for the role of the researcher, relationships with participants, philosophical synergies, and which coaching questions might be meaningfully investigated with it. In the second part, to illustrate how and why autoethnography might be applied to coaching research, we offer Liam’s reflections on using an autoethnographic approach in his coaching research project. Finally, we will evaluate the strengths and limitations of autoethnography for coaching research.