I mainly work in the field of American literature, especially modernist writings. I have a particular interest in the poetry of Hart Crane (the subject of my first monograph), as well as in queer modernism and queer theory more generally. My recent research focusses on the literary memory of the American Civil War and this is the subject of my current book project, ‘Our only “felt history”’: American modernism and the Civil War'. Other interests include American writing of the Depression-era, the work of the graphic novelist Lynd Ward, contemporary American and British poetry, and American urban writing.
- Modernist studies
- American modernism
- American poetry
- Literary memory of the American Civil War
- Queer theory
- Modern American theatre
Research grants and awards
Together with Professor Kate McLoughlin (University of Oxford), I successfully bid for funds from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to run an international seminar series entitled Post-War: Commemoration, Reconstruction, Reconciliation (funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation in memory of John E. Sawyer).
The Series is divided into three strands: Textual Commemoration (October-December 2017), Monumental Commemoration (January - March 2018) and Aural Commemoration (April - June 2018), and brings together academics from many different fields, politicians, people who have played a role in peace negotiations and leading figures from cultural policy and the charitable sector. They will be joined by novelists, poets, artists and musicians whose work has marked war in some way. Featured speakers include author Aminatta Forna, architect Daniel Libeskind and composer Jonathan Dove. The website for the series is here, and you can view the full programme here.
In 2013 and 2015, I won the Nigel Messenger Award for Outstanding Contribution to English Teaching, the winner of which is chosen by students. In 2013, I was Longlisted for a Students' Union Teaching Award, whilst in 2014 I was shortlisted in the category of 'Best Academic Adviser' in the Brookes Union Teaching Awards. I was also Longlisted for the Brookes People Awards in 2015, and won a Brookes People Award in the category of 'Confidence' in 2016.
In 2015 I was awarded a month-long Harry Ransom Center Fellowship, supported by the Fred W. Todd Southern Literature Endowment Fund. During the summer of 2015 I worked in the archives at the University of Texas at Austin on my book 'Our only "felt" history': American modernism and the Civil War (see below for more details about the project).
Current Research Projects
‘Our only “felt history”’: American modernism and the Civil War': a monograph which examines the representation of the American Civil War by literary modernists in the period 1891-1944, a highly significant time for the formation of a collective memory about the War and the popularisation of long-standing narratives about it, such as the South’s ‘Lost Cause’. The book will consider writers’ presentations of national and racial identity, the continuing social and political tensions between North and South, the varied treatment of the War by writers from different states, and the effect of historically-important staged reconciliations such as the 1913 Gettysburg reunion. As well as examining literary modernism’s presentation of such history and myth-making, the book will intervene in current debates about collective and cultural memory, and studies of trauma. Adopting a literary-historical approach, ‘Our only “felt history”’ argues that the Civil War’s effect on the forging of national memory and the development of the politics of national identity within modernist literature are far more significant than have hitherto been recognised. The study will also evaluate the tension created between the representation of a national crisis (and also of more local, state-specific concerns) and the awareness of an international crisis – given the backdrop of one World War and the coming of another. The book, which will draw upon studies about World War One memory, will explore how this tension caused some authors to create works which demonstrated that the Civil War, too, had worldwide ramifications. Through close readings of the literary texts, detailed cross-referencing to the authors’ own historical sources, integration of recent historical scholarship about the War and memory studies, and extensive archival research, the book will re-assess canonical texts and recover neglected ones, and provide an understanding of what it meant to ‘remember’ the Civil War during the modernist period.
Other Research Projects
Hart Crane's Queer Modernist Aesthetic: a monograph published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2015. Ranging across Crane's published and unpublished work, the book offers a sustained reading of a queer modernist in context. Although there has been considerable attention paid in recent years to the study of lesbian or ‘Sapphic’ modernism, including authors such as Hilda Doolittle, Virginia Woolf, and Dorothy Richardson, comparatively little attention has been paid to gay male writers of the modernist period. This book shows how, by treating the visual, spatial, temporal, and material dimensions of Crane’s work (areas which the modernists sought to interrogate) in terms of queer theory, it is possible to see how Crane created an alternative form of literary modernism. This was a form which consciously resisted prominent modernist figures such as T.S. Eliot and Ezra Pound. Queerness, the book shows, offers a theoretical and intellectual engagement with modernism that goes beyond mere representation of same-sex sexuality in the text to investigate stylistic choices and cultural backgrounds. To read modernist texts as queer is to acknowledge the problematics of modernist writing whilst sometimes endorsing and sometimes challenging modernist formulations.
A sample chapter of the book ('Introduction: Relationality') can be downloaded from the Palgrave Macmillan website.