We will adopt a comparative case study approach using mixed methods for the collection of data. The case study approach allows for a detailed and intensive analysis of the EOWDC and a less detailed analysis of two other case studies. The use of mixed methods reflects the critical reality that data needed to assess socio-economic impacts are not all easily quantifiable and a pragmatic approach incorporating consideration of both objective quantifiable data and more subjective qualitative data is needed for this study.
The study design also enables assessment of impacts across a range of local area socio- economic baselines (from remote rural to major urban) through drawing on a review of recent UK (and a selection of other EU countries) consented, under construction and fully operational OWF projects.
Adopting this approach means that we do not envisage there being any potential interference to project results from planned Aberdeen Harbour development, increase in oil industry or port traffic etc; our socio- economic assessment methods work outwards from the project (e.g. how many local jobs data from Vattenfall/contractors) so it will be possible to identify OWF project impacts as distinct from those of other projects. However, the cumulative impacts with other projects (e.g. on the demand for particular skills; the impact on local accommodation market) will be built into the assessment methodology.
Our choice of case studies is constrained by the timescale of construction activity for consented schemes. We have also selected case studies that are examples of different type of scheme based on scale and distance offshore. The study design includes two Scottish projects of differing scales (i.e. 100MW close to shore and 600 MW further offshore) and one larger English comparative study (Humberside) which also assesses the cumulative effects from a large array of OWFs and from a differing consenting regime (Planning Act 2008 in England for the consenting of Nationally Significant Infrastructure Projects (NSIPs)). In detail these case studies comprise:
Two primarily desk-based case studies of:
We will supplement these case studies with a reflection on current practice in the assessment of socio-economic impacts of other OWF in Scotland (accessed through the Marine Scotland portal) and England and Wales (accessed through the Planning Inspectorate portal).
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Chadwick A and Glasson J (1999), Auditing the Socio-economic Impacts of a Major Construction Project: The Case of Sizewell B Nuclear Power Station. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 42:6, 811-836
Durning B and Broderick M (2015) Cumulative effects assessment in offshore windfarms - review of current practice. Report for NERC available at bit.ly/1XPGvHt
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Hattam, C., Hooper, T. and Papathanasopoulou, E. 2015. Understanding the Impacts of Offshore Wind Farms on Well-Being, The Crown Estate, 77 pages, ISBN: 978-1-906410-65-0
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Vattenfall (2011) European Offshore Wind Deployment Centre: Environmental Statement: Aberdeen Offshore Wind Farm Limited
A comparative case study approach using mixed methods for the collection of data. Find out more »
Empiral data will be gathered from early 2017 through to late 2019. Read more about our collection techniques for quantitative and qualitative data »
What you can expect to find on this website and how our research will be disseminated »
You can contact us by writing to or emailing Dr Bridget Durning via:
School of the Built EnvironmentOxford Brookes UniversityHeadington CampusOxford OX3 0BP
tel: +44 (0)1865 email@example.com