Matthew Gregg


Senior Research Fellow in Architecture and Climate Change

School of Architecture

Matthew Gregg


Matt Gregg is a Senior Research Fellow in Architecture and Climate Change, based in the Low Carbon Building Group of the Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development at the School of Architecture, Oxford Brookes University.

Research interest:

Low carbon building, climate change adaptation in the built environment, sustainable building design, low carbon/transition communities.

My role in many projects is modelling and simulation of climate change or adaptation impact on domestic and non-domestic buildings.

Teaching and supervision

Modules taught

Matt assisted Professor Rajat Gupta in teaching the Post-occupancy building evaluation course for the MSc Sustainable Building: Performance and Design programme in 2010 and 2011. The module is informed by cutting-edge research on carbon counting, building performance evaluation and low carbon building.


Research grants and awards

Best paper award at the International Sustainable Ecological Engineering Design for Society (SEEDS) Conference 2017 for Mapping socio-economic barriers to the implementation of energy efficiency policies in the UK building sector.

Best paper award at the International Sustainable Ecological Engineering Design for Society (SEEDS) Conference 2020 for Performance of distributed energy resources in three low energy dwellings during the UK lock down period.

Best paper award at the 5th IBPSA England Interntional Conference (2020) on Building Simulation and Optimisation for Spatially-based urban energy modelling approach for enabling energy retrofits in Oxfordshire.

Research projects

RESIDE: Residential Building Energy Demand Reduction in India (2017 - 2023)

The Indo-UK RESIDE project seeks to support the development of residential building energy code based on evidence collected from the field monitoring of 2000 homes in India. The project brings together an interdisciplinary team of architects, engineers, digital scientists, urban planners and behavioural researchers in India and UK to assess all aspects of the residential energy use problem, including performance of the building fabric; in-home appliances including heating, ventilation and air conditioning; indoor environment and occupant behaviour. The project also has a workstream on prototype development and initial testing of Smart Home Energy Management System (SHEMS).

ZERO-PLUS: Achieving near Zero and Positive Energy Settlements in Europe using Advanced Energy Technology (2015-2020)
Funded by the European Commission SEP-210241488

In ZERO-PLUS, a comprehensive, cost-effective system for Net Zero Energy (NZE) settlements will be developed and implemented. The system will be composed of innovative solutions for the building envelope, for building energy generation and management, and for energy management at the settlement level.

A reduction of operational energy usage to an average of 0-20 kWh/m² per year (compared with the current average of 70-230 kWh/m²) will be achieved through a transition from single NZE buildings to NZE settlements, in which the energy loads and resources are optimally managed. A primary objective of the project will be to develop a system whose investment costs will be at least 16% lower than current costs. In order to reduce "balance of system" costs, an approach of mass customization will be employed. Mass produced technologies will be integrated in a system that is optimally designed according to the local climate and site of each project in which it is implemented. To this end, a structured process will be developed and applied for the integration, optimization and verification of the design.

HERON: Forward-looking scoio-economic research on Energy Efficiecny in EU countries (2015-2017)
Funded by the European Commission 649690

HERON aims at facilitating policy makers of multi-level governance in EU, to develop and monitor energy efficiency (EE) policies in building and transport sectors, through forward-looking socio-economic research in Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Italy, Estonia, Serbia, UK.

Derwenthorpe Overheating study (2016-2017)
Funded by Joseph Rowntree Foundation

The study assessed the occurrence and possible causes of summertime overheating in three occupied and two unoccupied low energy dwellings in York, England. An interdisciplinary approach is adopted, drawing from building science and social science methods, including monitoring of interior environmental conditions, thermal comfort diaries and interviews with residents. Temperature data from bedrooms and living rooms from the case study homes were analysed for overheating using both static adaptive thermal comfort analyses methods. 

LEMUR: Local energy mapping for urban retrofit (2015-2016)
Funded by Innovate UK

Bioregional, Oxford Brookes University, Cherwell District Council and Future Cities Catapult developed LEMUR to explore how to overcome the challenges to:

  • conduct large-scale retrofitting of carbon reduction measures in homes;
  • facilitate warmer, healthier homes and reduce fuel poverty;
  • support thriving local economies and nurture community groups.

Care provision fit for a future climate (2014-2015)
Funded by Joseph Rowntree Foundation

The project examined the risks of overheating in the UK care sector. The findings revealed that there are already overheating risks in care homes today, which will be exacerbated by climate change. It was recommended that designers, development teams, care home managers and staff need to recognise that excessive heat as well as cold can be a health risk. The work also recommended enhanced regulations, standards and guidance from key national health and care bodies and central Government.

Building Performance Evaluation: In-use BPE study of SusCon Academy (2013-2015)
Funded by the Technology Strategy Board

From schools to apartments, supermarkets to offices, health centres to houses, Innovate UK's Building Performance Evaluation programme (BPE) was a study into how sustainably rated newly-built buildings perform in the real-world.

EVALOC: Evaluating the impacts, effectiveness and success of Low Carbon Communities on localised energy behaviours (2012-2015)
Funded by RCUK/ESRC as part of the Energy and Communities programme. Grant reference: RES-628-25-0012

EVALOC was a collaborative active-research project which brought together an interdisciplinary team of researchers from building science and social science disciplines based in the Low Carbon Building Group of Oxford Brookes University and the Environmental Change Institute of University of Oxford to evaluate among many questions, how can community-based organisations best monitor and communicate their own effectiveness at energy demand reduction, and learn from their work? 

SNACC: Suburban neighbourhood adaptation for a changing climate (2010-2012)
Funded by EPSRC, under the Living with Environmental Change Programme (LWEC) and part of the Adaptation and Resilience to a Changing Climate (ARCC) Coordination Network

The SNACC Project seeked to answer the question: How can existing suburban neighbourhoods be best adapted to reduce further impacts of climate change and withstand ongoing changes? The research focused on adaptations to the built environment, through changes to individual homes and larger neighbourhood scale adaptations (urban re-design). SNACC focused on suburbs because they are the most common type of urban area in the UK, housing 84% of the population. The project will identify successful adaptation and mitigation measures: these are classed as those that perform well technically (i.e. they protect people and property from climate change impacts and mitigate against further climate change) but are also those that are the most practical and acceptable for those who have to make them happen.

Carbon mapping Highfield Bicester (2012)
Funded by the Department of Energy and Climate Change's Local Energy Assessment Fund

This short project's aim was to help the Highfield community prepare for new opportunities in sustainable energy arising from the Green Deal, Renewable Heat Incentive and Feed-in Tariffs. This was achieved by providing Bicester residents and community organisations with resources, information and case studies on how to plan for community wide implementation of carbon saving measures in the home.

Design for Future Climate (2010-2012)
3 projects funded by the Technology Strategy Board (TSB)

  • NW Bicester Eco-town development
  • Liverpool TIME project - NHS Trust
  • Coldmill School Ebbw Vale, Wales

The Design for Future Climate project aimed to establish the extent of climate change impact and risk for buildings and assist architects in minimising the risk and negative impacts of climate change via adaptations that have been proven to be effective through simulation and emperical research.

Retrofit for the Future (2010-2013)
2 projects funded by the Technology Strategy Board (TSB)

  • Victorian retrofit in Oxford
  • Modern retrofit in London

The Retrofit for the Future project is part of a nation-wide retrofit programme designed to demonstrate how existing dwellings can be retrfoitted to reach the UK Government target of 80% reduction in carbon emissions by 2050. By using a 'fabric-first' approach, a number of energy-saving measures have been installed in the properties including (but not limited to): advanced levels of insulation, advanced air tightness membranes with appropriate ventilation systems, solar hot water systems, and photovoltaic systems.



slide 1 of 6

Professional information


  • Building performance simulation of advanced energy technologies to achieve net-zero energy dwellings in UK presented at the 3rd IBPSA-England's Building Simulation and Optimization Conference, 12 - 14 September 2016 in Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
  • Local energy mapping using publicly available data for urban energy retrofit presented at the International SEEDS Conference 2016 (Sustainable, Ecological, Engineering and Design for Society) hosted by Leeds Beckett University on 14 and 15 September 2016. 
  • Using a mapping-based simulation approach to rapidly investigate the potential for adapting English homes for a warming climate presented at the Second International Conference on Building Energy and Environment (COBEE 2012), 1-4 August 2012, Boulder, Colorado, USA.


Matt also gained experience in urban design and planning while working with the Nashville Civic Design Center on the Plan of Nashville in 2003 and was employed as an intern architect by BarberMcMurry architects from 2005-2008.

Further details

In 2009, Matt graduated with a Master of Science in Sustainable Building: Performance and Design from Oxford Brookes University. Prior to joining Oxford Brookes in 2010, Matt worked in an architecture practice in Tennessee and completed the USA (AIA) equivalent of the RIBA part 2: professional experience and has accreditation in Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED AP).