Children have a right to protection frombeing hurt, and from violence, abuse and neglect (United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Article 19). Oxford Brookes University Nursery takes seriously its responsibility under Section 11 of the Children Act 1989 and duties under Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 to promote the welfare of children. Also, to work together with other agencies to ensure adequate arrangements exist within our setting to identify and support those children who are suffering harm or are likely to suffer harm.
Most injuries to children are accidental and can be simply explained. Bruises, scrapes and cuts are part of the normal rough and tumble of a young child’s life. There are, however, some children who suffer injuries that are not accidental and give rise to concerns. Our staff are particularly important as they are in a position to identify concerns early, provide help for children and prevent concerns from escalating.
These staff are:
Sarah Hinkin, Gemma Buy, Bernie Gaughan, Megan Hale and Vikki Spiers.
This policy was reviewed and amended in April 2019.
Any child may benefit from early help, but our staff are particularly alert to the potential need for early help for a child who:
All staff are aware of the indicators of abuse and neglect so they are able to identify children who may be in need of help or protection (see definitions of abuse appendix)
Staff at our setting are advised to maintain an attitude of “it could happen here” where safeguarding is concerned. When concerned about the welfare of a child, staff members should always act in the bestinterests of the child.
Knowing what to look for is vital to the early identification of abuse and neglect. If staff members are unsure they should always speak to the Lead Professional or one of the Designated Leads.
If staff have any concerns about a child’s welfare they should act on them immediately(refer to flow chart in referral appendix). They should initially speak to the Lead Professional or one of the Designated Leads.
Options will then include:
Staff should not assume a colleague or another professional will take action and share information that might be critical in keeping children safe. If a staff member has reported a concern about a child which the senior nursery team decide not to refer at this stage, it is the responsibility of any member of staff unhappy with this decision to make their own referral.
If early help is appropriate, the Lead Professional, or Designated Leads, will generally lead on liaising with other agencies and setting up an inter-agency assessment as appropriate. The ‘Threshold of Needs’ document should be used to help determine the most appropriate level of support and service.
Staff may be required to support other agencies and professionals in an early help assessment, in some cases acting as the lead professional. Any such cases should be kept under constant review and consideration given to a referral to children’s social care for assessment for statutory services, if the child’s situation does not appear to be improving or is getting worse.
Reporting immediate concerns about a child:
The Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) is the front door to Children’s Social Care for all child protection and immediate safeguarding concerns. If there is an immediate safeguarding concern, for example:
A No Names Consultation should not be used for the above scenarios.
No Names Consultations
If you would like to make a no names consultation contact the;
Locality and Community Support Service(LCSS) on 0345 2412705
Following any referral of abuse, enquiries will be undertaken by Social Services and possibly the Police. Staff may be required to provide statements and attend an initial Child Protection Conference.
Ofsted would be informed of any action taken.
Abuse is a form
of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may
abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm or by failing to act to prevent
harm. Children may be abused in a family
or in an institutional or community setting by those known to them or, more
rarely, by others. They may be abused by
an adult or adults or another child or children.
There are many
forms of abuse and the following list is by no means exhaustive:
Physical:A form of abuse
which may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding,
drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a
parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately induces, illness in
emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause severe and adverse effects
on the child’s emotional development. It
may involve conveying to a child that they are worthless or unloved,
inadequate, or valued only insofar as they meet the needs of another
person. It may include not giving the
child opportunities to express their views, deliberately silencing them or
‘making fun’ of what they say or how they communicate. It may feature age or developmentally
inappropriate expectations being imposed on children. These may include interactions that are
beyond a child’s developmental capability as well as overprotection and
limitation of exploration and learning, or preventing the child participating
in normal social interaction. It may
involve seeing or hearing the ill-treatment of children frequently to feel
frightened or in danger, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in
all types of maltreatment of a child, although it may occur alone.
forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities,
not necessarily involving a high level of violence, whether or not the child is
aware of what is happening. The
activities may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for
example rape or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing,
rubbing and touching outside of clothing.
They may also include non-contact activities, such as involving children
in looking at, or in the production of, sexual images, watching sexual
activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or
grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet). Sexual abuse is not solely perpetrated by
adult males. Women can also commit acts
of sexual abuse, as can other children.
exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative
situations, contexts and relationships where young people receive something
(e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affections, gifts,
money) as a result of them performing and/or others performing on them, sexual
activities. CSE can occur through the
use of technology without the child’s immediate recognition; e.g. being
persuaded to post sexual images on the internet/mobile phones without immediate
payment or gain. In all cases those
exploiting the child have power over them by virtue of their age, gender,
intellect, physical strength and/or economic or other resources. Violence, coercion and intimidations are
common, involvement in exploitative relationships being characterised in the
main by the child’s limited availability or choice, resulting from their
social/economic and/or emotional vulnerability.
failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to
result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. Neglect may occur during pregnancy as a
result of maternal substance abuse. Once
a child is born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to: provide
adequate food, clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or
abandonment); protect a child from physical and emotional harm or danger;
ensure adequate supervision (including the use of inadequate care-givers); or
ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment. It may also include neglect of, or
unresponsiveness to, a child’s basic emotional needs.
Any incident or
pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence
or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are, or have been, intimate partners
or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. The abuse can encompass, but is not limited
domestic abuse and/or violence can have a serious, long lasting emotional and
psychological impact on children. In
some cases, a child may blame themselves for the abuse or may have had to leave
the family home as a result. Domestic
abuse affecting young people can also occur within their personal relationships
as well as in the context of their home life.
FGM is child
abuse and a form of violence against women and girls. It is illegal in England, Wales and Northern
Ireland under the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003.
Other than in
excepted circumstances e.g. medical grounds, it is an offence for any person
(regardless of their nationality or residence status) to:
policy on the Prevent Duty and Promoting British Values.