Dr Tom Crook
BA, MA, PhD
Reader in Modern British History
School of History, Philosophy and Culture
I’m an historian of modern Britain, with a particular interest in matters of statecraft, politics and governance, including “systems”: there’s more on this below. I studied politics and modern history as an undergraduate at the University of Manchester, where I remained for my postgraduate work, completing first an MA in Cultural History and then a doctorate, which was awarded in 2005. I began work at Oxford Brookes the same year, and was appointed Senior Lecturer in 2010.
I have published five books, including, most recently, a monograph with the University of California Press, entitled Governing Systems: Modernity and the Making of Public Health in England, 1830–1910; and my articles, sole and co-authored, have appeared in the European Review of History, Social History, Journal of Victorian Culture, Body and Society, History, Past & Present, Historical Research, Urban History, and Historical Journal, among other places.
I currently act as Postgraduate Research Tutor for the School, and as Chair of the University’s Research Degrees Committee. I also hold external examiner appointments at the universities of Portsmouth and Hertfordshire.
Teaching and supervision
- Power and Dominion: Ideologies of the West, 1650-2000 [Year 1]
- Provides a wide-ranging survey of the major ideologies that have made and remade, united and divided, modern Western society
- Evil in European Thought and Culture, c. 1750-1950 [Year 3]
- Explores how events, actions and people considered ‘evil’ exercised and enraged European intellectuals as they entered a modern world of reason, rationality, progress and science.
- Worlds of Risk: Technology, Health and the Environment
- Examines the rise of the ‘risk society’ and the threats to health that define the modern world, from climate change and large-scale technological accidents to scares about the food we eat and the products we consume.
I am very happy to supervise doctoral research on all aspects of Victorian and Edwardian governance, especially those concerned with public health and welfare, and logistics and technology (considerations of time, space and speed). I’m also keen to supervise projects that relate to my current research projects on the history of secrecy, corruption and public life in modern Britain, and the history and historiography of systems (see below).
My completed research students as Director of Studies - doctoral and post-doctoral - are as follows:
- Dr Mike Esbester, “Living in Safety: The Culture of ‘Safety’ and Accident Prevention in Everyday Life in Britain, c.1900-2000” (AHRC-funded, Early Career Fellowship, Nov 2010-Aug 2011)
- Dr Stefan Fisher-Høyrem: “Time Machines: Technology and the Performance of Secular Time in Victorian England” (Norwegian Government scholarship, Sep 2008-Sep 2012)
- Dr Steven Byrne: “Variation, Classification and Education: The Making and Remaking of the ‘Normal Child’ in England, c. 1880-1914” (AHRC-funded, Sep 2009-Sep 2013)
- Dr Pete Mills: “Popular Conspiracism in Britain, c. 1880-1914” (AHRC-funded, Sep 2010-Sep 2014)
- (Co-Director with Dr Jim Cooper) Sarah Slator: “Politics in the Court Room: International Communism, the Global Anti-Apartheid Movement and the Rivonia Trial in South Africa, 1963-64” (Sep, 2015-Present)
|Katerina Kosta||UK university sustainability reports: an exploratory analysis of an emerging practice||Active|
|Cosmin Koszor-Codrea||‘The Word of Science’: The Popularization of Darwinism in Romania, 1860–1918||Active|
|Sarah Slator||Politics in the Courtroom: International Communism, the Global Anti-Apartheid Movement and the Rivonia Trial in South Africa 1963–64||Active|
My last major research project came to fruition in 2016, in the form of my first monograph, Governing Systems: Modernity and the Making of Public Health in England, 1830–1910, published as part of the Berkeley Series in British Studies by University of California Press. Briefly put, the book was an attempt to rewrite the history of the modernity of modern public health in terms of the contested formation and functioning of multiple, interlocking systems, human and material, administrative and technological. It was an attempt to displace the state as the principal agent of modern power by combining the insights of both the cultural and the material turns—if also to move beyond them by a novel focus on systems (though wisely or otherwise, I left my debts to systems theory out of the book). A number of reviews have now appeared; and the most extensive—including a response from me—can be found here: http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/2166
(i) Corruption and the history of the political
My current research interests lie in two areas, both of which, or so I like to think, can be found in embryonic form in Governing Systems. One of these is new ways of writing the political history of modern Britain, and rethinking where it is we might locate “the political”, which for me extends much beyond what we think of as “party-politics”. This is something I’m currently working on in the form of a new—and most likely quite short and essayistic—history of political corruption, from roughly 1830 up to the present: or more precisely, the persistence, if also reworking, of corruption as a recurrent feature of public life. The basic argument is that “corruption”—the very word, in all of its varied applications, as much as the murky practices that sustain it and arouse suspicion—allows us to rethink some of the central antagonisms that animate the exercise of modern power, in this case between competing visions of the (general) public good and (particular) class-based economic interests.
(ii) An ecological history of health and welfare
The second is more obviously indebted to my first book and concerns developing what, for the moment, I’m styling as an “ecological” (or more simply, systems-based) approach to writing the history of health and welfare in modern Britain during the long nineteenth century. The aim is to offer a fresh and more holistic history of this much-studied field by abandoning hitherto crucial organizing concepts, notably “the state.” Instead, it will foreground the systemic qualities of what happened, and in particular the growth of ever-more dense and complex interrelations between human and environmental life-cycles on the one hand, and bureaucratic, political and technological forms of mediation and abstraction on the other. Partly building on recent work on the history and sociology of risk, the basic argument is that this growth of systemic complexity and interpenetration was the cause and effect of a remarkable structural paradox, whereby growing human mastery and control (over nature, technology and our own welfare) was accompanied by growing indeterminacy and a radical loss of control (again, over nature, technology and our own welfare). What we call “the welfare state” is perhaps the best known product of this paradox; but it can also be seen in attempts to regulate pollution and eradicate danger from the workplace and home.
Projects as Co-investigator
- Occupation and Psychiatry: The Use of Occupation in French and English Mental Institutions, 1918-1939.(01/01/2022 - 31/12/2022), funded by: Wellcome Trust, funding amount received by Brookes: £11,000, funded by: Wellcome Trust
Crook M, Crook T, 'At the Limits of Citizenship: Democratization and the Problem of Nonvoting in Britain and France, ca. 1848–2018'
The Journal of Modern History 93 (4) (2021) pp.783-823
ISSN: 0022-2801 eISSN: 1537-5358Abstract Published here Open Access on RADAR
Crook M, Crook T, 'Contesting "Corruption": Electoral Morality and the Reform of Voting Practices in Britain and France, c. 1789‒1914'
Zeitsprünge 23 (1/2) (2019) pp.136-148
ISSN: 1431-7451 eISSN: 1431-7451Published here Open Access on RADAR
Crook T, 'Model institutions and the geography of social reform in early Victorian Britain'
Historical Journal 62 (3) (2019) pp.789-812
ISSN: 0018-246X eISSN: 1469-5103Abstract Published here Open Access on RADAR
Crook M, Crook T, 'Ballot papers and the practice of elections: Britain, France and the United States of America, c. 1500–2000'
Historical Research 88 (241) (2015) pp.530-561
ISSN: 0950-3471 eISSN: 1468-2281Abstract Published here Open Access on RADAR
Crook T, Velkar A, 'Review of periodical literature published in 2013: 1850–1945'
The Economic History Review 68 (1) (2015) pp.326-339
ISSN: 0013-0117Published here
Crook T, Velkar A, 'Review of periodical literature published in 2012: 1850–1945'
The Economic History Review 67 (1) (2014) pp.269-282
ISSN: 0013-0117Published here
Crook T, 'Habit as switchpoint'
Body & Society 19 (2013) pp.275-281
ISSN: 1357-034XAbstract Published here
Crook T, Velkar A, 'Review of periodical literature published in 2011: 1850–1945'
The Economic History Review 66 (1) (2013) pp.326-337
ISSN: 0013-0117Published here
Crook M, Crook T, 'L’isoloir universel? : L’avènement d’un scrutin secret global au XIXe siècle'
Revue d’histoire du XIXe siècle 43 (2) (2011) pp.41-55
ISSN: 1265-1354 eISSN: 1777-5329Abstract
Crook M, Crook T, 'Reforming voting practices in a global age: the making and remaking of the modern secret ballot in Britain, France and the United States, c.1600-c.1950'
Past & Present: A Journal of Historical Studies 212 (1) (2011) pp.199-237
ISSN: 0031-2746Published here
Crook T, 'Civil Religion and the History of Democratic Modernity: Probing the Limits of the Sacred and the Secular'
Religion Compass 4 (6) (2010) pp.376-387
ISSN: 1749-8171Abstract Published here
Crook T, 'Craft and the Dialogics of Modernity: The Arts and Crafts Movement in Late-Victorian and Edwardian England'
The Journal of Modern Craft 2 (1) (2009) pp.17-32
ISSN: 1749-6772Abstract Published here
Crook T, 'Accommodating the outcast: common lodging houses and the limits of urban governance in Victorian and Edwardian London'
Urban History 35 (3) (2008) pp.414-436
ISSN: 0963-9268 eISSN: 1469-8706Abstract Published here
Crook T, 'Norms, Forms and Beds: Spatializing Sleep in Victorian Britain'
Body & Society 14 (4) (2008) pp.15-35
ISSN: 1357-034XAbstract Published here
Crook T, 'Putting matter in its right place: dirt, time and regeneration in mid-Victorian Britain'
Journal of Victorian Culture 13 (2) (2008) pp.200-222
ISSN: 1355-5502Published here
Crook M, Crook T, 'The Advent of the Secret Ballot in Britain and France, 1789-1914: From Public Assembly to Private Compartment'
History 92 (2007) pp.449-471
ISSN: 0018-2648Abstract Published here
Crook T, 'Power, privacy and pleasure: Liberalism and the modern cubicle'
Cultural Studies 21 (4/5) (2007) pp.549-569
ISSN: 0950-2386 eISSN: 1466-4348Abstract Published here
Crook T, 'Sanitary inspection and the public sphere in late-Victorian and Edwardian Britain: A case study in liberal governance'
Social History 32 (4) (2007) pp.369-393
ISSN: 0307-1022Abstract Published here
Crook T, '“Schools for the moral training of the people”: Public baths, liberalism and the promotion of cleanliness in Victorian Britain'
European Review of History 13 (1) (2006) pp.21-47
ISSN: 1350-7486Abstract Published here
Memberships of professional bodies
I am a member of the British Association for Victorian Studies; the Urban History Group; the Voluntary Action History Society; the Historical Association; the Economic History Society; and the Social History Society.
Public engagement and conferences
Over the years I’ve given scores of talks at schools, libraries, museums and branches of the Historical Association on subjects close to my research interests. I’m very happy to consider any and all invitations, so please do get in touch! I’ve also organized a number of conferences—some of which resulted in the edited collections noted above—and I’m currently organizing a two-day symposium (with Ian Cawood of Newman University, Birmingham) on the history of corruption and public service in modern Britain, which will take place at Brookes in January 2019.
A more recent public engagement project derives from an event I created with colleagues Bev Clack and Russell Anderson for the Think Human Festival at Oxford Brookes in May, 2018: a performance piece that invited the audience to consider the contrasting lives of Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Adolf Eichmann, which mixed narrative sections and dramatic monologues. We’re now working on how we can develop the piece further and engage audiences in schools and the local community.
I also try to speak at a handful of conferences, seminar series and public workshops and events every year: below are some of the papers I’ve given since the start of 2018:
- (28/6/2018) “The Public in Public Health, c. 1830–1940: Democracy, Strategy, Epidemiology.” Keynote lecture given to the “Publics and their Health: Historical Perspectives, Future Directions,” 28-29 June 2018, Institute of Historical Research, London.
- (22/3/2018) “The politics of performance measurement: Searching for standards in Victorian public health and education.” Presented to the History of Medicine Seminar Series, University of Winchester.
- (21/2/2018) “ ‘Damn the lot of them!’ Despising MPs in modern Britain.” Presented to the Bloxham branch of the Oxfordshire Historical Association.
- (25/1/2018) “Notes on cynicism and populism.” Presented to the “Populism 2.0” workshop, organized by the GPES Centre and International and Political History Group, Oxford Brookes University.