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PhD, MSc, MA, BSc
Department of Sport, Health Sciences and Social Work
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Subject coordinator for MSc Rehabilitation
Teaching in OT and MSc Rehab program
Researching in collaboration with Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Science, Prof Tore Bonsaksen
Therapeutic Use of Self
Occupational therapy accross the life span
Disability Devlopment and global perspective
Diversity, culture workshop
MSc Rehab dissertation
Pre reg OT dissertation
Studying occupational balance from occupational therapists’ perspectives
This aim of this study was to understand occupational balance from occupational therapists’ perspectives. Occupational therapists are at the forefront of those claiming the value of occupational balance for health and well-being. Therefore, we felt it important to understand their perspectives and experiences in practice regarding the above notion. This study has so far been conducted in Iran and England. A qualitative approach was adopted to implement the study. The findings of the data gathered in Iran have been published in the CJOT: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Farzaneh_Yazdani
The second article, reporting the findings in Englandhas been now published in SJOT.
The concept of participation, as a health related outcome, has always been the focus of occupational therapy interventions. Different models of practice in OT address the concept of participation differently.
The International Classification of Function, Health and Disability (ICF) has also introduced the concept of participation as a determinant of health and well-being.
The concept, however, has not been addressed with any great attention to detail. The personal perspective of participation still needs to be explored.
On the other hand, there is a great deal of research into the related factors of the health and well-being of immigrants. Their health and well-being has always been reported to be lower than the native inhabitants of each country. This study is a systematic review of the literature in relation to the element of immigrant participation in social and health related activities. The aim of the study is to investigate how ‘participation’ has been studied and linked to the health and well-being of immigrants. Through this, the researcher aims to develop a piece of action participatory research to explore the concept of participation from immigrants’ perspectives and a solution-focused programme to address the gaps in participatory patterns of behaviour among immigrants from their own perspectives.
This is an ethnographical study starting with an exploration of my own participation in leisure after immigration, which is then compared with two other immigrants from Australia and Greece. The study has applied self-determination theories to explain participation in leisure after immigration. The analysis approach has been adopted as a framework for the ethnographic study of the above issue. The study is in the final stage of being edited as a report for submission to the Journal of Occupational Science (JOS).
Literature indicates great value in patients’ participation and engagement with occupation in relation to health. However, the patient perspective on what it means to be engaged with or to participate in an occupation is less well researched. This study is still at the stage of preparing the ethics proposal to explore the concepts with a diverse group of clients.
The quality of the relationship between client and therapist is important for the therapeutic process, as well as the outcome of therapy. This study is a feasibility study to examine training and its outcome in relation to the therapist’s self-efficacy and confidence in managing their clients.
Participants are going to be recruited from Cumbria NHS Foundation Trust. A mixed method design will be used to evaluate the reflective intentional relationship training programme.
This feasibility study aims to develop a better understanding of the impact of a training workshop based on the Intentional Relationship Model (IRM). The finding of this study will shed light on how to design a well thought out course to train healthcare professionals in building and maintaining an intentional relationship with their clients.
At the moment the study has been approved by Oxford Brookes University and implementation of the plan will commence in July 2015, starting with preparing material for the training. The actual training will be conducted in January 2016.
The above questionnaire has been developed to measure individuals’ understanding of their actual and the valued occupational life in order to identify the discrepancies and congruence between the two. The questionnaire is aimed at developing an occupational profile of the person in relation to the needs for being, becoming and belonging. The researcher hopes to be able to provide a tool that can help therapists to collaborate with clients to identify the actual and potential occupational life of a person with or without diagnosis. Through this, an intervention plan using a reality orientation approach will hopefully be developed to support clients to find out the best and most complete match between what they do and what they could do to fulfill their needs for being, becoming and belonging.
The questionnaire has been developed in two languages: Persian and English. The content analysis of the questionnaire using the expert panel is in hand and the next step is going to be testing the reliability of the tools in different contexts and with different populations.
The 'model of occupational wholeness’ (MOW) or the ‘3 Bs of doing’ has been developed based on the needs theories and occupational science theories in combination with research findings in this area. The MOW explains how doing as an intermediate need motivates human beings to spend time and energy in order to meet their needs for being, becoming and belonging.
The MOW helps to conceptualise why human beings are motivated to do things that can help them survive, be part of their world and evolve towards what they value. The MOW explains how obstacles in doing what can fulfill a person’s valued needs can cause dissatisfaction with occupational life. The importance is not only meeting the needs but also the needs as they are valued by the person.
In light of the environmental and personal barriers or enablers, opportunities for doing, self and environmental awareness can help people to have a realistic understanding of who they are and what their environment is. The model aims to provide a reflective tool to help people to enhance their understanding of themselves and their own world. The strategies that would help improve the match between who people are and who they want to be within a realistic view of themselves and their world could be borrowed from several compatible theories and frames of reference. The aim of this ongoing study, therefore, is testing these theoretical views in different contexts and with different populations.
- Investigating sensory processing and cognitive function in people with ME: a pilot study:
- Joggy Bear Education Programme: investigation of the impact on literacy, numeracy and emotional development in young children
ME research UK for research project: Investigating sensory processing and cognitive function in people with ME and its impact on their day to day living
Elixabeth Casson Trust Travel grant
MOHO clearning House, UIC visiting scholarship
Nabil Barakat award for distinguished PhD thesis
McGill University, Faculty of Rehabilitation travel grant
Background. Occupational therapy students need to develop self-efficacy for managing the therapeutic relationship in practice. This study examined the 10-month trajectories of Norwegian students’ self-efficacy for use of self. Methods. Eighty-nine students completed self-efficacy questionnaires related to the use of self after a workshop and at 3- and 10-month follow-up. Changes on the three outcome measures (self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use, for recognizing clients’ interpersonal characteristics, and for managing interpersonal events) were analyzed with repeated measures ANOVA. Results. Across the follow-up period, the students improved their self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use (partial n^2 = 0.44, p < 0.001), for recognizing clients’ interpersonal characteristics (partial n^2 = 0.81, p < 0.001), and for managing interpersonal events (partial n^2 = 0.32, p < 0.001). Conclusion. The increased self-efficacy for use of self that was found at 3-month follow-up was maintained at 10-month follow-up. The results indicate that students may experience a boost in self-efficacy for therapeutic use of self after a brief workshop and that these changes can be sustained over time.
Purpose: Having the child with Cerebral palsy is a very stressful experience for the family that could affect daily patterns and routines, habits, needs and occupational performances of all family members specially mothers. This study aimed to investigate life balance of mothers of children with Cerebral palsy (MCCPs) based on the Life Balance Model. Method: Fifty MCCPs aged 3 to 9 years with sample convenient method participated in this descriptive and cross-sectional study. The Severity of cerebral palsy was determined by Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) and Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) and the life balance of mothers was evaluated by Persian version of the LBI (P_LBI). The collected data were evaluated and analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The total mean score of LBI and its subscales showed that there is no balanced or very balanced life in mothers and they could be categorized to unbalanced (n = 21) and very unbalanced (n = 29). The total mean score of LBI was 1.46. χ2 test revealed statistically significant difference between two categories (unbalanced and very unbalanced) of mothers regarding GMFCS level (p = 0.009). Also, the total mean score of LBI and its subscales showed no significant difference between two categories (unbalanced and very unbalanced) regarding mother job and age and child age (p > 0.05) but it has significant difference regarding mother education (p = 0.009). Evaluation of the results of LBI and its different subscales indicated that the life balance at balanced or very balanced levels was not observed in any of the studied mothers, and they could be categorized in 2 groups of unbalanced (21 mothers ) and very unbalanced (29 mothers) (Table 2). Discussion: Based on the result of this study, mothers of Cerebral Palsy do not experience balanced life and this feeling of unbalance is related to the level of their child’s disability. Thus, it is necessary to consider this fact in family-centered evaluations and Occupational therapy interventions.
Background: The intentional relationship model (IRM) proposes six distinct ways of relating to clients. A new instrument for measuring self-efficacy for using the therapeutic modes in occupational therapy practice was recently found to have good psychometric properties. To date, however, no research has investigated factors associated with self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use. Aim: This study aimed to explore sociodemographic and education-related factors associated with self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use in a sample of occupational therapy students in Norway. Methods: Occupational therapy students (n = 111) from two education programs completed the Norwegian version of the recently developed “Self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use” (N-SETMU), in addition to reporting sociodemographic and education-related information. Hierarchical linear regression analysis was used to examine factors independently associated with the students’ N-SETMU scores. Results: Higher N-SETMU scores were associated with better average academic performance among the students. Otherwise, none of the associations were statistically significant. Conclusions: As better academic results were linked with higher self-efficacy for therapeutic mode use, the study indicates that some students perform well academically and have high self-efficacy for practical skills, whereas others perform less well academically and have lower self-efficacy for practical skills. A potential transfer of self-efficacy beliefs from one area of performance (academic) to another (practical skills) seems possible, and this may be investigated in future studies.
The aim of this study was to explore the changes in students attitudes regarding disability after attending the module ‘Disability: theories, nature and experiences’ designed around reflective self-awareness exercises. Literature indicates enhanced knowledge does not automatically lead to changes in attitude. Health care professionals are the most significant people to instil hope in their clients to pursue a happy life. As advocates for people with disability, health care professionals need themselves to believe that people with disability can pursue a happy life as abled bodied people do. Researchers aimed to explore the impact of the ‘Disability’ module using discussion and reflective exercises, on students’ way of thinking about and changes in attitude towards disability. Students were asked to write stories at the beginning and after completing the module. A thematic analysis was applied to identify the students’ way of communicating their thoughts and feelings about disable bodied /disability before and after the module. Three major themes were identified to represent the differences before and after attending the module: problem /solution oriented approach towards perceived problems, separating/ integrating disable/able bodied, passive/ active role of disable bodied and society.
Children with specific learning disabilities are at a greater risk of mental health problems than their non-disabled peers. Further interventions and research will be required. This is a cross-sectional study. A sample of 107 students (7 to 11 years old) with specific learning disabilities were randomly selected from educational and rehabilitation settings in Tehran. The Child Symptom Inventory-4 (CSI-4) (parent checklist) was administered. Among children studied, 86 subjects (82.8 %) in some of the categories of psychiatric symptoms gained scores above the cut-off point. The most prevalent psychiatric symptoms were related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and oppositional defiant disorder. There were not any statistically significant differences between the genders. In addition to direct education, 15 subjects (14 %) were receiving medication, 2 subjects (1.9 %) were receiving only occupational therapy, 2 subjects (1.9 %) were receiving only speech therapy, and 5 subjects (4.7 %) were receiving both occupational and speech therapy. The emphasis on considering co-morbid symptoms and usage of mental health services are important issues for students with specific learning difficulties.
Therapeutic reasoning, Therapeutic use of self, Children and mental health OT, cultur, diversity and their implication in practice, qualitative study design; focus group, indepth interviewing, thematic analysis
Iran Medical University PhD thesis
Family routines of adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: a literature review Jun 2016
COT 2016 Roseanna Tuohy, Farzaneh Yazdani
OCCUPATIONAL BALANCE: PERSPECTIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTS NORTH WEST LONDON Jun 2016 COTEC-ENOTE 2016 Farzaneh YazdaniNastaran YazdaniLaya NobakhtAlia Harb
PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE OCCUPATIONALTHERAPY PSYCHOSOCIAL ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING (OTPAL) IN STUDENTS AGE 6-9 IN IRAN Jun 2016 COTEC-ENOTE 2016 Sima Khadivjam. Ali AsgariFarzaneh Yazdani
EXPLORING THE FACTORS CONTRIBUTING ACTIVITY AND PARTICIPATION PATTERN OF CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY: A CRITICAL REVIEW Jun 2016 COTEC-ENOTE 2016 Fawaz AlrasheediFarzaneh Yazdani
PERCIEVED POTENTIAL FOR A ROLE FOR OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY IN GENERAL PRACTICE IN ENGLAND OR EQUIVALENT IN OTHER COUNTRIES' Jun 2016 COTEC-ENOTE 2016 Morag Nicolle, Farzaneh Yazdani
STROKE PATIENTS EXPERIENCES OF WEEKEND DAYS SPENT ON A STROKE UNIT: A DESCRIPTIVE PHENOMENOLOGICAL ANALYSIS Jun 2016 COTEC-ENOTE 2016 Rachel HaydenFarzaneh Yazdani
Occupational therapists’ perception of occupational balance and experience of its application in practice Jun 2016 COTE 2016 Farzaneh Yazdani
Shift towards spiral curriculum: integration of the Model of Human Occupation across the Occupational Therapy UG course Oct 2015 The 4th International Institute on the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) Farzaneh Yazdani
History of the Model of Human Occupation in Iran and its expansion to the Middle East Oct 2015 the 4th International Institute on the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO) Farzaneh Yazdani
Occupational therapy from 'Birth till Today' Oct 2014 Iran National OT Conference Farzaneh Yazdani
Functional Gains and Social Reintegration in Community Stroke Rehabilitation May 2014 XXIII European Stroke Conference 6 – 9 May 2014 Nur Shafawati Kamsani Farzaneh Yazdani
Global, International and Local factors in establishing and developing a profession Jun 2013 Therapy and Empowerment – Coercion and Punishment Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Labour and Occupational Therapy International Research Symposium, 26–27 June 2013 Farzaneh Yazdani
A comparison of children's and mothers' perception of children's occupational adaptation Oct 2012 Third international institute on the model of human occupation Laya NobakhtFarzaneh Yazdani
Developing and using the ‘professional self’ in multi-cultural health-care contexts May 2012 COTEC, Occupational Diversity 2012 Farzaneh Yazdani
MOHO in Iran: The concept of occupation in Persian culture May 2012 COTEC, Occupational Diversity 2012 Farzaneh Yazdani
Occupational therapy lecturer and practitioner 1994-2000 Iran University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
Establisher, assistant professor and head of department of the OT department at the University of Jordan 2000-2008
I did my BSc in Occupational Therapy at the Iran Medical Sciences University. My MSc, also taken in Iran, concentrated on psychosocial aspects of OT, and to develop my interest in mental health further I also took an MA in Psychological and Educational Counselling at the University of Jordan.
My PhD research explored the relationship between life style and wellbeing among students at the University of Jordan, utilising the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO). This research was co-supervised by Professor Gary Keilhofner of the University of Illinois, USA, where I was given a position as visiting scholar. I was then designated as the MOHO representative for the Middle East.
I started my work as lecturer and clinical supervisor of students in the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences in Tehran, in 1995. I subsequently developed the first Occupational Therapy degree at the University of Jordan.
Currently the focus of my research is on the model I have developed based on my research, developing questionnaire based on the model, studying its properties, testing the utility of the model. The model is about the 3Bs(being, becoming, belonging) of doing to help rethinking and replanning life to achieve Occupational Wholeness.