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  • Canopy

    ISSN: 2054-2070

    Canopy is an in-house publication with contributions from staff, students and visiting speakers about their research. The aim of Canopy is to provide the wider primatology and conservation community with a representation of current and past works undertaken by MSc students and acts as a medium for communication between past and present students, those working in primatology, and those with a general interest in the topics covered in these issues.

  • canopy_v22_i2_jpg This Canopy issue is a special issue on conservation education and outreach, and the specific topics covered in this issue are

    • Evaluating the process of creating environmental education resources
    • The process behind developing a conservation education programme
    • Creative learning activities engage students in conservation education
    • Teachers perspective of conservation education in the UK National Curriculum
    • Optimising the educational impact of sanctuary visits at the Project Gorille Fernan-Vaz, Gabon
    • An environmental education program in urban, suburban and rural Dutch primary schools
    • Linking of resources in schools for slow loris conservation.
    • Conservation and Art in the 2021-22 academic year
    • The Role of Art in Conservation: An interview with Professor Anna Nekaris

    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v22_i1_jpg The topics covered in this issue are:

    • The Fragmented Forest Game: Using a simulation game to bring to life the impact of forest fragmentation on gibbon survival
    • The potential Influence of pair bond strength on singing behaviour in Bornean agile gibbons
    • Understanding people’s motives behind their negative interactions with great apes
    • Assessing the impact of an El Niño Fire on a population of Müller’s gibbon in a threatened Bornean forest
    • The Ontological Turn within anthropology and the ethical challenge of species loss
    • Is there a preference for the conservation of endemic versus foreign species through viewing wildlife documentaries?
    • Challenges of conserving transboundary species: with a focus on northern white-cheeked gibbons
    • Interview with Dr Susan Cheyne

    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v17_i1_jpg The topics covered in this issue are:

    • DNA barcoding of primates: the importance of selecting an appropriate molecular marker in genetic research
    • Utilizing media to assess the distribution of publications involving chimpanzees
    • The movement ecology of bamboo lemurs in Madagascar
    • Collection and analysis of global non-human primate roadkill data
    • Assessing perceptions on the use of primates in social media posts
    • Attitudes and perceptions as threats to great apes in Deng Deng National Park, Cameroon
    • Improving rehabilitation assessments for successful reintroduction of ex-pet gibbons using personality assessments
    • The impact of the end of the conflict in Colombia: Deforestation and the illegal wildlife trade
    • Covid-19 and the many ways it affects apes in the wild
    • Interview: How has the Covid-19 pandemic changed the ways in which primatologists work?

    Full Text PDF

    Canopy 21(1)

    This is the information you normally include along with the PDF of the issue. The topics covered in this issue are:

    • Developing the first-ever microsatellite loci for the pygmy slow loris
    • Methodologies used to determine blue monkey  presence in naturally fragmented forest patches in Malawi
    • Flexible activity patterns in a primarily diurnal primate in an anthropogenic habitat
    • Lemurs on YouTube: Public perception on lemurs in different contexts and implications for conservation
    • Featured primates in articles written for Canopy 2012-2020
    • Increased human-wildlife interactions intensify disease transmission between humans and non-human primates
    Full Text PDF


    This Canopy issue is a special issue celebrating the 20-year anniversary of the Primate Conservation MSc, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Alumni Interviews
    • The effects of structural and feeding enrichments on captive gibbons at a rehabilitation and release centre in India
    • The role of sacred groves and community forests in biodiversity conservation: an example from Sierra Leone
    • Gibbon responses to tourist density in a semi-free ranging environment
    • A brief assessment of Minyak kukang (slow loris oil)
    • To what extent does EU and UK legislation protect long-tailed macaques bred in overseas farms but used for experiments in the UK
    • The use of ecological niche modelling and GIS to identify suitable reintroduction site locations for gibbons in China
    • Assessing the effect of the captive environment on the activity levels of walkthrough housed ring-tailed lemurs
    • Investigating the use of northern pig-tailed macaques to harvest coconuts in Thailand
    • Effects of captivity on the activity budgets of lar gibbons
    • Interview with Dr Alison Cronin, Director of Monkey World
    Full Text PDF


    This Canopy issue is a special issue that highlights articles demonstrating applied, on-the-ground conservation research , and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • The importance of cultural factors in people-Macaca fascicularis interactions at tourist sites in South-East Asia
    • Using freelisting to evaluate education in South-East Asia
    • Movement and socio-ecology of Tonkin snub-nosed monkeys
    • Grey mouse lemur population and habitat assessment in transitional littoral forest of Madagascar
    • Preliminary survey of the primates of the coastal dry forest in West Ecuador
    • Studying faecal glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations in chimpanzees in Uganda
    • Population density of reintroduced Bornean orangutans in East Kalimantan, Indonesia
    • Interview with Dr David Chivers
    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v19_i1This Canopy issue is a special issue is dedicated to the theme of the human-primate interface, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • An ethnoprimatological approach to assessing the human-baboon interface in South Africa
    • Implications of volunteer tourism on conservation initiatives and community outreach projects
    • Tourism or ecotourism in Sierra Leone
    • Tourists influence on lemurs’ behaviour in Madagascar
    • Primate portrayals in motion pictures
    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v18_i2This Canopy issue is a special issue highlighting methods utilising the web as a research tool for primate conservation, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Review on the linkages between great ape conservation and poverty alleviation: current trends and gaps in the literature
    • Media effect on pet crazes: slow lorises on web 2.0 sites
    • Neotropical primates in protected areas
    • Implementing best practice guidelines: a preliminary study on the need for orangutan-specific guidelines for rehabilitation and re-introduction centres in Indonesia
    • Culture shock in volunteer tourists
    • Familiarity breeds contempt: does the literature on the long-tailed macaque reflect its true value?


    Full Text PDF


    Canopy 18(1)This Canopy issue is a special issue on Ethnoprimatology, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Local ecological knowledge about nocturnal animals in Brunei
    • The illegal trade of slow lorises in Marmaris, Turkey
    • Edge effects and crop raiding study on a lemur community in Southeast Madagascar
    • Utilising the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for ecotourism site selection in Java, Indonesia
    • Reflections on undertaking cross-disciplinary fieldwork on human-primate interactions in West Africa
    • Time budgets, social behaviour and human impacts among green vervet monkeys and western red colobus in The Gambia

    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v17_i2_jpgThis Canopy issue is a special issue on the behaviour and care of primates within captive facilities, in zoos, sanctuaries, and rehabilitation centres, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Public perception of conservation work carried out by zoos
    • Interventions to alleviate behavioural pathologies in captive primates
    • Tailored enrichment strategies and stereotypic behaviour in captive individually-housed macaques
    • Breeding patterns in captive lemur species
    • Play behaviours and personality in juvenile Bornean orangutans at an Indonesian rehabilitation centre
    • Does the rearing history of common marmosets and black-eared marmosets affect behaviour within captive enclosures?
    • Rescue-Enrich-Release: The environmental enrichment program for three species of captive primates at Colobus Conservation, Kenya

    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v17_i1_jpg This Canopy issue is a special issue on the studies in the Neotropics, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Modelling Occupancy for the Critically Endangered brown-headed spider monkey in Ecuador
    • Behaviour and social networks of rehabilitant mantled howler monkeys
    • Tourist-monkey interactions at Iguazü National Park, Argentina
    • An assessment of enrichment strategies for sanctuary housed spider monkeys
    • Behaviour and ranging patterns of the Endangered and endemic Bolivian titi monkeys
    • Preliminary study on the effects of a hunting community on the Peruvian black spider monkey

    Full Text PDF


    This Canopy issue is a special issue on the topic of perceptions of primates and primatological methodologies, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Introduction of cross disciplinary methodologies to traditional conservation education studies
    • Audial density survey of yellow-cheeked crested gibbons in Cambodia
    • The effects of provisioning on Chacma Baboons in Botswana
    • Local attitudes toward mountain gorilla conservation in Uganda
    • Visitor perceptions on primate walk-through enclosures
    • Studying human-animal relationships in a zoo environment
    • Human wildlife interactions – Primates as pets

    Full Text PDF


    This is a special issue on the topic of habitat fragmentation and it’s relevance to the conservation of primate species:

    • Implications for primate conservation in a highly fragmented landscape at Bulindi, Uganda
    • Raising awareness about coltan mining, gorilla conservation and influencing zoo visitors to recycle mobile phones
    • Habitat corridor utilisation by the gray mouse lemur in south eastern Madagascar
    • Infectious disease of veterinary significance throughout the orangutans range
    • Landscape configuration influencing the presence of red howler monkeys in Colombia
    • The effects of habitat alteration and fragmentation on Yucatan black howler monkey vocalizations in Mexico
    • Assessing silver-brown tamarin presence in Colombia
    • Why is Borneo burning?

    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v15_i2_jpg( Full Text PDF )

    The topics covered in this Asian primate special issue are:

    • Forest use, livelihoods and biodiversity in Kulen National Park, Cambodia
    • Distribution of the Javan slow loris in East Java
    • Effects of cognitive enrichment in gibbons’ welfare (Hylobatidae)
    • The trade and welfare of slow lorises as pets in Japan
    • Relationship between climate, disturbance and Nycticebus javanicus behaviour in Cipaganti, West Java
    • The slender loris and other wildlife in supernatural rituals in Bangalore
    • Empowering local people through education to conserve Cambodia’s primates
    • Population density and habitat assessment of Müller’s gibbon in East Kalimantan

    ( Full Text PDF )

    The topics covered in this issue are:

    • Factors that impact upon the diet of the Cheirogaleidae
    • Comparing glucocorticoid levels in captive black lemurs (Eulemur macaco macaco)
    • Factors influencing the body weight of captive Lemur catta
    • Launching Ako Project US curriculum for lemur conservation education
    • The use of contact calls of Eulemur collaris, in South-eastern Madagascar
    • Primate Crossword
    • Advice and suggestions for commenting on illegal loris material on the internet

    ( Full Text PDF )

    ( Supplementary Material PDF )

    p>The topics covered in this issue are:


    • Biodiversity loss in Vietnam due to the demand for wildlife and wildlife products
    • Intra- and inter-group communication in the Southern-Bornean gibbon
    • 2014 MSc Primate Conservation student field research locations
    • Behavioural monitoring of southern yellow-cheeked gibbons
    • Conservation education in Sri Lankan hotels to encourage responsible tourism
    • Assessment of habitat, population density and parasites of the Javan slow loris
    • Saving the Critically Endangered Javan slow loris through ecology, education and empowerment
    • Save the Sulawesi Macaques

    ( Full Text PDF )

    The topics covered in this issue are:

    • Gestural head movements in captive bonobos
    • Using of deslorelin to reduce aggression in male chacma baboons to improve animal welfare in captivity
    • San Martin titi monkeys show a preference for forest boundaries in Peru
    • Diet and activity budgets of western lowland gorilla in Central African Republic
    • People-wildlife conflict in Nigeria
    • Interview with Dr Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Ugandan gorilla veterinarian

    ( Full Text PDF )

    This issue is focusing on primates in captivity.

    • Effects of enclosure design on captive gibbons
    • How visitors affect lemurs in different captive settings
    • Life as a primate keeper at ZSL London Zoo
    • Exploration of the utility of genetic analysis to identify capuchin species and origins
    • Pet primates in the UK: health welfare issues
    • Sociosexual behaviour as an indicator of abnormal behaviour in captive bonobos
    • The use of temperament scoring to improve survivorship for reintroduced slow lorises

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Density study on red langurs in Indonesian Borneo
    • Overview of colobine diets
    • Brown collared lemurs in Madagascar
    • Proboscis monkeys and their threats in Indonesia
    • Slow loris study in Cambodia
    • About International Animal Rescue in Indonesia
    • Conservation of squirrel monkeys in Panama
    • Interview with Professor Simon Bearder (Receiving the Osman Hill Memorial Award)

    canopy_v12_i2_jpg( Full Text PDF )

    Due to the upcoming International Primatological Society Conference in Mexico this year this issue is a special bilingual edition, published in Spanish and English and all the articles cover Neotropical topics.

    • Yellow-tailed woolly monkeys and night monkeys in Peru
    • Behaviour of captive sakis and squirrel monkeys
    • Improving education and research at a Bolivian sanctuary
    • Stress in captive pied tamarins
    • Conservation and Ecology of Peru’s Endemic Primate Fauna

    The main Full Text download contains both languages and is a large 5.5MB download. You can also download the English and Spanish versions separately.


    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Primate health in Indonesian Borneo
    • Behaviour of wild-born orphaned chimpanzees
    • Local knowledge and uses for primates in Cambodia
    • Western lowland gorillas in captivity
    • Visitor effects on captive lemurs
    • Disease transmission with Gorillas in Uganda
    • Cropraiding in India
    • Enrichment for Javan gibbons

    canopy_v11_i2_jpg( Full Text PDF )

    • Eco-hotels for the conservation of Sri Lankan grey langurs
    • Feeding behaviour and activity levels of captive black and white colobus
    • Comparative feeding ecology of two cercopithecine species
    • GRASP-ing for survival
    • Global Primate Network
    • MSc student research 2010-2011

    canopy_v11_i1_jpg( Full Text PDF )

    • Jane Goodall: A short biography
    • Disease transmission from human to chimpanzees and gorillas
    • Pre-release monitoring of orphaned chimpanzees at H.E.L.P Congo sanctuary
    • Toque macaques and eco tourism in Sri Lanka

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • How the Primate MSc helps conservation
    • Pedalling for primates
    • MSc student research 2009-2010
    • Sykes monkeys in Kenya
    • Population viability analysis of proboscis monkeys
    • Behavioural ecology of Western hoolock gibbons
    • Zoo visitors impact on owl monkeys at Bristol Zoo
    • Primate conservation in Panama

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Captive primate wellbeing
    • Stereotypic behaviour in capuchins
    • Primate conservation in Cambodia
    • Play behaviour and activity budgets of gibbons
    • Preliminary survey on Bengal slow loris in Cambodia
    • Population decline in collared lemurs, Madagascar

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • MSc student research 2008-2009
    • Identifying purple-faced langurs
    • Gibbon populations and forests in Indonesia
    • Lemur conservation in captivity
    • Secrets of the swamp gorillas
    • Enrichment for captive spider monkeys

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • MSc student research 2007–2008
    • Bushmeat hunting on Bioko Island
    • The Santa Martha Animal Rescue, Ecuador
    • Interviews on the primate pet trade in UK and Southeast Asia
    • Researching the primate pet trade
    • Microhabitat variables and home range use in Western purple-faced langurs (Trachypithecus vetulus nestor)
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Lebialem Hunters’ Beekeeping Initiative
    • Calling patterns of western purple-faced leaf monkeys
    • Queen’s Anniversary Award
    • MSc student research 2007–2008
    • Ecological niche modeling

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • A history of primatology in Panama
    • MSc student research 2006-2007
    • Comment: Primate conservationists: the stuff we're made of
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • Compassion in fashion: conserving endangered gorillas through t-shirt sales
    • Staff profiles
    • Ex-students in the field
    • Upcoming events

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Experiences Living and Working in Cameroon
    • Past MSc Student Works and Experiences
    • Staff profiles: Mika Peck and Corri Waitt
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • Primate Conservation Seminar: Ian Redmond
    • Book Reviews
    • Primate Society of Great Britain: Celebrating 40 years
    • Opinion

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Human wildlife conflict in Uganda
    • Past MSc student projects
    • MSc Primate Conservation 2006-2007
    • Books of Interest – Life after logging
    • University events: Seminar Series

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Letter from Ann Nekaris
    • Welcome to Dr Ken Gold
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • MSc Project Sites
    • Current Student Projects
    • Past Student Projects
    • Fundraising Update
    • Book Review
    • German Conference
    • Course Information

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • 25 Most Endangered Species
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • Past Student Projects
    • The Woolly Monkey as a Flagship Species
    • Primate Conservation in Northwest Ecuador
    • Frans de Waal - Seminar and Book Review
    • MSc Fundraising Launch
    • XXI IPS Conference Overview
    • Correspondence from Past MSc Students

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • MSc Project Sites
    • Wooly Monkey and Ikama - Peru Project
    • Adventures in Madagascar
    • Foraging Behaviour of Free-ranging Silvery Marmosets
    • Effects of Enrichment on Captive Red Ruffed Lemurs
    • Comparison of Captive Slow and Pygmy Loris Behaviour
    • Survey of Gibbons in Central Kalimantan
    • Primate Education at London Zoo
    • Top 25 Most Endangered Primates
    • Palm Oil and the Bornean Orang-utan
    • Orang-utan Tool Use at Los Angeles Zoo
    • Genetic Questions: Are You My Mother?
    • Bald Lemur Syndrome

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Conserving Sri Lanka Slender Loris
    • Primate Conservation in the Columbian Amazon
    • The Conservation of Orangutans in the Future
    • Primates in the News
    • Buyers Beware: Cruelty Free Today for a Better Tomorrow
    • The Role of Media in the Future of Conservation
    • Should Africa’s National Parks be Privatised?
    • What is the Future Role of Zoos in Primate Conservation?
    • Drastic Measures: Gorilla killed in Dallas
    • Forest Survival Guide
    • A Conservation Strategy on Bioko Island
    • Evolution Candle
    • Realities a World Away
    • Where are we going?
    • Student abstracts
    • 2003/2004 MSc student titles