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  • Canopy

    ISSN: 2054-2070

    Canopy is an in-house publication with contributions from staff, students and visiting speakers about their research. The aim of Canopy is to provide the wider primatology and conservation community with a representation of current and past works undertaken by MSc students and acts as a medium for communication between past and present students, those working in primatology, and those with a general interest in the topics covered in these issues.

  • Canopy 21(1)

    This is the information you normally include along with the PDF of the issue. The topics covered in this issue are:

    • Developing the first-ever microsatellite loci for the pygmy slow loris
    • Methodologies used to determine blue monkey  presence in naturally fragmented forest patches in Malawi
    • Flexible activity patterns in a primarily diurnal primate in an anthropogenic habitat
    • Lemurs on YouTube: Public perception on lemurs in different contexts and implications for conservation
    • Featured primates in articles written for Canopy 2012-2020
    • Increased human-wildlife interactions intensify disease transmission between humans and non-human primates
    Full Text PDF


    This Canopy issue is a special issue celebrating the 20-year anniversary of the Primate Conservation MSc, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Alumni Interviews
    • The effects of structural and feeding enrichments on captive gibbons at a rehabilitation and release centre in India
    • The role of sacred groves and community forests in biodiversity conservation: an example from Sierra Leone
    • Gibbon responses to tourist density in a semi-free ranging environment
    • A brief assessment of Minyak kukang (slow loris oil)
    • To what extent does EU and UK legislation protect long-tailed macaques bred in overseas farms but used for experiments in the UK
    • The use of ecological niche modelling and GIS to identify suitable reintroduction site locations for gibbons in China
    • Assessing the effect of the captive environment on the activity levels of walkthrough housed ring-tailed lemurs
    • Investigating the use of northern pig-tailed macaques to harvest coconuts in Thailand
    • Effects of captivity on the activity budgets of lar gibbons
    • Interview with Dr Alison Cronin, Director of Monkey World
    Full Text PDF


    This Canopy issue is a special issue that highlights articles demonstrating applied, on-the-ground conservation research , and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • The importance of cultural factors in people-Macaca fascicularis interactions at tourist sites in South-East Asia
    • Using freelisting to evaluate education in South-East Asia
    • Movement and socio-ecology of Tonkin snub-nosed monkeys
    • Grey mouse lemur population and habitat assessment in transitional littoral forest of Madagascar
    • Preliminary survey of the primates of the coastal dry forest in West Ecuador
    • Studying faecal glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations in chimpanzees in Uganda
    • Population density of reintroduced Bornean orangutans in East Kalimantan, Indonesia
    • Interview with Dr David Chivers
    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v19_i1This Canopy issue is a special issue is dedicated to the theme of the human-primate interface, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • An ethnoprimatological approach to assessing the human-baboon interface in South Africa
    • Implications of volunteer tourism on conservation initiatives and community outreach projects
    • Tourism or ecotourism in Sierra Leone
    • Tourists influence on lemurs’ behaviour in Madagascar
    • Primate portrayals in motion pictures
    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v18_i2This Canopy issue is a special issue highlighting methods utilising the web as a research tool for primate conservation, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Review on the linkages between great ape conservation and poverty alleviation: current trends and gaps in the literature
    • Media effect on pet crazes: slow lorises on web 2.0 sites
    • Neotropical primates in protected areas
    • Implementing best practice guidelines: a preliminary study on the need for orangutan-specific guidelines for rehabilitation and re-introduction centres in Indonesia
    • Culture shock in volunteer tourists
    • Familiarity breeds contempt: does the literature on the long-tailed macaque reflect its true value?


    Full Text PDF


    Canopy 18(1)This Canopy issue is a special issue on Ethnoprimatology, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Local ecological knowledge about nocturnal animals in Brunei
    • The illegal trade of slow lorises in Marmaris, Turkey
    • Edge effects and crop raiding study on a lemur community in Southeast Madagascar
    • Utilising the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) for ecotourism site selection in Java, Indonesia
    • Reflections on undertaking cross-disciplinary fieldwork on human-primate interactions in West Africa
    • Time budgets, social behaviour and human impacts among green vervet monkeys and western red colobus in The Gambia

    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v17_i2_jpgThis Canopy issue is a special issue on the behaviour and care of primates within captive facilities, in zoos, sanctuaries, and rehabilitation centres, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Public perception of conservation work carried out by zoos
    • Interventions to alleviate behavioural pathologies in captive primates
    • Tailored enrichment strategies and stereotypic behaviour in captive individually-housed macaques
    • Breeding patterns in captive lemur species
    • Play behaviours and personality in juvenile Bornean orangutans at an Indonesian rehabilitation centre
    • Does the rearing history of common marmosets and black-eared marmosets affect behaviour within captive enclosures?
    • Rescue-Enrich-Release: The environmental enrichment program for three species of captive primates at Colobus Conservation, Kenya

    Full Text PDF

    canopy_v17_i1_jpg This Canopy issue is a special issue on the studies in the Neotropics, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Modelling Occupancy for the Critically Endangered brown-headed spider monkey in Ecuador
    • Behaviour and social networks of rehabilitant mantled howler monkeys
    • Tourist-monkey interactions at Iguazü National Park, Argentina
    • An assessment of enrichment strategies for sanctuary housed spider monkeys
    • Behaviour and ranging patterns of the Endangered and endemic Bolivian titi monkeys
    • Preliminary study on the effects of a hunting community on the Peruvian black spider monkey

    Full Text PDF


    This Canopy issue is a special issue on the topic of perceptions of primates and primatological methodologies, and the specific topics covered in this issue are:

    • Introduction of cross disciplinary methodologies to traditional conservation education studies
    • Audial density survey of yellow-cheeked crested gibbons in Cambodia
    • The effects of provisioning on Chacma Baboons in Botswana
    • Local attitudes toward mountain gorilla conservation in Uganda
    • Visitor perceptions on primate walk-through enclosures
    • Studying human-animal relationships in a zoo environment
    • Human wildlife interactions – Primates as pets

    Full Text PDF


    This is a special issue on the topic of habitat fragmentation and it’s relevance to the conservation of primate species:

    • Implications for primate conservation in a highly fragmented landscape at Bulindi, Uganda
    • Raising awareness about coltan mining, gorilla conservation and influencing zoo visitors to recycle mobile phones
    • Habitat corridor utilisation by the gray mouse lemur in south eastern Madagascar
    • Infectious disease of veterinary significance throughout the orangutans range
    • Landscape configuration influencing the presence of red howler monkeys in Colombia
    • The effects of habitat alteration and fragmentation on Yucatan black howler monkey vocalizations in Mexico
    • Assessing silver-brown tamarin presence in Colombia
    • Why is Borneo burning?

    Full Text PDF

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    The topics covered in this Asian primate special issue are:

    • Forest use, livelihoods and biodiversity in Kulen National Park, Cambodia
    • Distribution of the Javan slow loris in East Java
    • Effects of cognitive enrichment in gibbons’ welfare (Hylobatidae)
    • The trade and welfare of slow lorises as pets in Japan
    • Relationship between climate, disturbance and Nycticebus javanicus behaviour in Cipaganti, West Java
    • The slender loris and other wildlife in supernatural rituals in Bangalore
    • Empowering local people through education to conserve Cambodia’s primates
    • Population density and habitat assessment of Müller’s gibbon in East Kalimantan

    ( Full Text PDF )

    The topics covered in this issue are:

    • Factors that impact upon the diet of the Cheirogaleidae
    • Comparing glucocorticoid levels in captive black lemurs (Eulemur macaco macaco)
    • Factors influencing the body weight of captive Lemur catta
    • Launching Ako Project US curriculum for lemur conservation education
    • The use of contact calls of Eulemur collaris, in South-eastern Madagascar
    • Primate Crossword
    • Advice and suggestions for commenting on illegal loris material on the internet

    ( Full Text PDF )

    ( Supplementary Material PDF )

    p>The topics covered in this issue are:


    • Biodiversity loss in Vietnam due to the demand for wildlife and wildlife products
    • Intra- and inter-group communication in the Southern-Bornean gibbon
    • 2014 MSc Primate Conservation student field research locations
    • Behavioural monitoring of southern yellow-cheeked gibbons
    • Conservation education in Sri Lankan hotels to encourage responsible tourism
    • Assessment of habitat, population density and parasites of the Javan slow loris
    • Saving the Critically Endangered Javan slow loris through ecology, education and empowerment
    • Save the Sulawesi Macaques

    ( Full Text PDF )

    The topics covered in this issue are:

    • Gestural head movements in captive bonobos
    • Using of deslorelin to reduce aggression in male chacma baboons to improve animal welfare in captivity
    • San Martin titi monkeys show a preference for forest boundaries in Peru
    • Diet and activity budgets of western lowland gorilla in Central African Republic
    • People-wildlife conflict in Nigeria
    • Interview with Dr Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Ugandan gorilla veterinarian

    ( Full Text PDF )

    This issue is focusing on primates in captivity.

    • Effects of enclosure design on captive gibbons
    • How visitors affect lemurs in different captive settings
    • Life as a primate keeper at ZSL London Zoo
    • Exploration of the utility of genetic analysis to identify capuchin species and origins
    • Pet primates in the UK: health welfare issues
    • Sociosexual behaviour as an indicator of abnormal behaviour in captive bonobos
    • The use of temperament scoring to improve survivorship for reintroduced slow lorises

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Density study on red langurs in Indonesian Borneo
    • Overview of colobine diets
    • Brown collared lemurs in Madagascar
    • Proboscis monkeys and their threats in Indonesia
    • Slow loris study in Cambodia
    • About International Animal Rescue in Indonesia
    • Conservation of squirrel monkeys in Panama
    • Interview with Professor Simon Bearder (Receiving the Osman Hill Memorial Award)

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    Due to the upcoming International Primatological Society Conference in Mexico this year this issue is a special bilingual edition, published in Spanish and English and all the articles cover Neotropical topics.

    • Yellow-tailed woolly monkeys and night monkeys in Peru
    • Behaviour of captive sakis and squirrel monkeys
    • Improving education and research at a Bolivian sanctuary
    • Stress in captive pied tamarins
    • Conservation and Ecology of Peru’s Endemic Primate Fauna

    The main Full Text download contains both languages and is a large 5.5MB download. You can also download the English and Spanish versions separately.


    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Primate health in Indonesian Borneo
    • Behaviour of wild-born orphaned chimpanzees
    • Local knowledge and uses for primates in Cambodia
    • Western lowland gorillas in captivity
    • Visitor effects on captive lemurs
    • Disease transmission with Gorillas in Uganda
    • Cropraiding in India
    • Enrichment for Javan gibbons

    canopy_v11_i2_jpg( Full Text PDF )

    • Eco-hotels for the conservation of Sri Lankan grey langurs
    • Feeding behaviour and activity levels of captive black and white colobus
    • Comparative feeding ecology of two cercopithecine species
    • GRASP-ing for survival
    • Global Primate Network
    • MSc student research 2010-2011

    canopy_v11_i1_jpg( Full Text PDF )

    • Jane Goodall: A short biography
    • Disease transmission from human to chimpanzees and gorillas
    • Pre-release monitoring of orphaned chimpanzees at H.E.L.P Congo sanctuary
    • Toque macaques and eco tourism in Sri Lanka

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • How the Primate MSc helps conservation
    • Pedalling for primates
    • MSc student research 2009-2010
    • Sykes monkeys in Kenya
    • Population viability analysis of proboscis monkeys
    • Behavioural ecology of Western hoolock gibbons
    • Zoo visitors impact on owl monkeys at Bristol Zoo
    • Primate conservation in Panama

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Captive primate wellbeing
    • Stereotypic behaviour in capuchins
    • Primate conservation in Cambodia
    • Play behaviour and activity budgets of gibbons
    • Preliminary survey on Bengal slow loris in Cambodia
    • Population decline in collared lemurs, Madagascar

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • MSc student research 2008-2009
    • Identifying purple-faced langurs
    • Gibbon populations and forests in Indonesia
    • Lemur conservation in captivity
    • Secrets of the swamp gorillas
    • Enrichment for captive spider monkeys

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • MSc student research 2007–2008
    • Bushmeat hunting on Bioko Island
    • The Santa Martha Animal Rescue, Ecuador
    • Interviews on the primate pet trade in UK and Southeast Asia
    • Researching the primate pet trade
    • Microhabitat variables and home range use in Western purple-faced langurs (Trachypithecus vetulus nestor)
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Lebialem Hunters’ Beekeeping Initiative
    • Calling patterns of western purple-faced leaf monkeys
    • Queen’s Anniversary Award
    • MSc student research 2007–2008
    • Ecological niche modeling

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • A history of primatology in Panama
    • MSc student research 2006-2007
    • Comment: Primate conservationists: the stuff we're made of
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • Compassion in fashion: conserving endangered gorillas through t-shirt sales
    • Staff profiles
    • Ex-students in the field
    • Upcoming events

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Experiences Living and Working in Cameroon
    • Past MSc Student Works and Experiences
    • Staff profiles: Mika Peck and Corri Waitt
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • Primate Conservation Seminar: Ian Redmond
    • Book Reviews
    • Primate Society of Great Britain: Celebrating 40 years
    • Opinion

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Human wildlife conflict in Uganda
    • Past MSc student projects
    • MSc Primate Conservation 2006-2007
    • Books of Interest – Life after logging
    • University events: Seminar Series

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Letter from Ann Nekaris
    • Welcome to Dr Ken Gold
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • MSc Project Sites
    • Current Student Projects
    • Past Student Projects
    • Fundraising Update
    • Book Review
    • German Conference
    • Course Information

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • 25 Most Endangered Species
    • Primate Conservation Seminar Series
    • Past Student Projects
    • The Woolly Monkey as a Flagship Species
    • Primate Conservation in Northwest Ecuador
    • Frans de Waal - Seminar and Book Review
    • MSc Fundraising Launch
    • XXI IPS Conference Overview
    • Correspondence from Past MSc Students

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • MSc Project Sites
    • Wooly Monkey and Ikama - Peru Project
    • Adventures in Madagascar
    • Foraging Behaviour of Free-ranging Silvery Marmosets
    • Effects of Enrichment on Captive Red Ruffed Lemurs
    • Comparison of Captive Slow and Pygmy Loris Behaviour
    • Survey of Gibbons in Central Kalimantan
    • Primate Education at London Zoo
    • Top 25 Most Endangered Primates
    • Palm Oil and the Bornean Orang-utan
    • Orang-utan Tool Use at Los Angeles Zoo
    • Genetic Questions: Are You My Mother?
    • Bald Lemur Syndrome

    ( Full Text PDF )

    • Conserving Sri Lanka Slender Loris
    • Primate Conservation in the Columbian Amazon
    • The Conservation of Orangutans in the Future
    • Primates in the News
    • Buyers Beware: Cruelty Free Today for a Better Tomorrow
    • The Role of Media in the Future of Conservation
    • Should Africa’s National Parks be Privatised?
    • What is the Future Role of Zoos in Primate Conservation?
    • Drastic Measures: Gorilla killed in Dallas
    • Forest Survival Guide
    • A Conservation Strategy on Bioko Island
    • Evolution Candle
    • Realities a World Away
    • Where are we going?
    • Student abstracts
    • 2003/2004 MSc student titles