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A Comparative Study of Association and Associations (business culture) in Britain and Japan
Research Period: from 2001 to 2003
To examine the world view and value system which is related to ‘association’ in the sense of human relations and ‘associations’ in the sense of organisational groups through anthropological fieldwork in Britain in comparison with some case studies in Japan.
Britain and Japan have shared some common phenomena in organisational culture (keiei bunka) which appeared after the Industrial Revolution. Recently, the hierarchical business administration system has been considerably eroded in Japan, and a new networking system is being sought. An attempt was made to study ‘tradition’ and &x2018;community&x2019; in the Japanese business administration during the period of rapid economic growth, and it aimed to discover a new concept of ‘association and associations’ (‘shaen’). The aim of this present project is to investigate further new human relations in advanced industrial and informational societies. This will involve intensive fieldwork under the themes of business management, museums and religion. It will focus on the following places:
This research will last three years and members will carry out the fieldwork in Britain, as well as pursuing written sources. At the end of the research, a symposium will be held at the Europe Japan Research Centre in Oxford Brookes University. The results will be published in English and Japanese.