Kathleen Reinhardt

Kathleen Reinhardt



Thesis title: Energetics in a changing climate: implication for behavioural and evolutionary adaptations of Nycticebus javanicus

Start year: 2015


Research topic

The main aims of my research are to contribute to the growing theoretical literature on climate change, using the Javan slow loris as a model species to reveal the extreme physiology and energetics of mammalian thermoregulation in the context of climate change and evolution. To do this, I am studying wild Javan slow lorises – a nocturnal primate, endemic to the Indonesian island of Java – to measure and analyse physiological parameters. This research will be of an interdisciplinary approach, combining biological anthropology, climatology, animal physiology and ecology.

Comparing torpor use in lemurs and lorises between different climates, I aim to produce a testable model in predicting behavioural responses and home range shifts in response to future climate shifts that will be relevant for conservation of slow lorises and other hibernating mammals. I also intend to produce clear and concise protocol for rescue centres to choose appropriate geographic re-introduction sites for slow lorises.

Lorises are known to consume approximately one-third of their energetic needs through floral nectars. Through analyses on feeding ecology and foraging behaviour, I will test the long-debated theories within biological anthropology related to evolution of primates and their characteristics by identifying: a.) if there is a potential role of pollination by N. javanicus, and b.) the role of grasping hands (in the manipulation of floral inflorescences) in regard to primate origins.


Primate evolution, energetics, torpor, climate change, foraging behaviour, behavioural adaptations, plant – pollinator mutualism

General research interests

Primate evolution, conservation biology, climate change, animal physiology, behavioural adaptations, feeding ecology, pollination ecology, microclimate use, agroforestry, ethnoprimatology, conservation education, agroforestry

Work in progress

  • Reinhardt, K.D. & Nekaris, K.A.I. In press. Long term field studies – Asia. International Encyclopedia of Primatology. Wiley-Blackwell.

Teaching experience

  • U20140 – Humans and Other Primates (Teaching assistant) 2015



  • Reinhardt, Kathleen D (2015) Adaptations in a changing environment: relationship between climate, disturbance and Nycticebus javanicus behaviour in Cipaganti, West Java. Canopy, 15(2), 14–16.


  • Rode-Margono, J.E. & Nekaris, K.A.I. (2015) Cabinet of Curiosities: venom systems and their ecological function in mammals, with a focus on primates. Toxins, 7(7): 2639 – 2658.

Conference papers

  • Reinhardt KD, Spaan D, Wirdateti & Nekaris KAI. “Relationships between altitude, habitat structure and behaviour of Nycticebus javanicus in a submontane agroforest.” 6th meeting for European Federation for Primatology. Rome, Italy. 25–28 Aug 2015.
  • Reinhardt, Kathleen D. “Husbandry of Pygmy, Bengal and Javan slow lorises: Implications for re-introduction.” EAZA Prosimian TAG spring meeting 2015. Plzen Zoo, Czech Republic. 20 – 22 Apr 2015. Presentation.
  • Reinhardt KD, Wirdateti, Nekaris KAI. “Ice, ice, baby: Microclimate use as a means of adaptation by a small nocturnal primate, Nycticebus javanicus.” Spring Meeting 2015, Primate Society of Great Britain. Roehampton University, UK. 9–10 Apr 2015.
  • Reinhardt, KD & Poindexter SA. “Behavioural adaptations of slow loris species in changing environments.” Oxford Brookes University, Primate Conservation Seminar Series. Oxford, UK. 3 Mar 2015.
  • Poindexter S, Reinhardt KD, & Nekaris KAI. “The influence of morphometrics on behaviour and habitat use in the Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus).” Winter Meeting 2014 ‘Ecomorphology’, Anatomical Society and Primate Society of Great Britain. Birmingham, UK. 15–16 Dec 2014. Poster Session.
  • Reinhardt KD, Spaan D, Wirdateti & Nekaris KAI. “Torpor in a Critically Endangered Primate: Climate effects on Javan slow loris [Nycticebus javanicus] behavior.” 37th Annual Meeting. American Society of Primatology. Decatur, Georgia. 13 Sep 2014. Poster Session.
  • Reinhardt, Kathleen D. “Relationships between climate and activity pattern in Javan slow lorises.” Tubney House WildCru Masters Day. Wildlife Conservation Research Unit. Tubney, Oxfordshire. 30 May 2014.

Academic and professional training

  • MPhil/PhD (2018 Candidate) Anthropology and Geography, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
  • MSc (2014) Primate Conservation, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, UK
  • Thesis: Climate effects on Javan slow loris (Nycticebus javanicus) behaviour and microhabitat use
  • BA (2012) Anthropology with Dance, Stony Brook University, New York, USA
  • Thesis: The hidden rationality in seemingly inexplicable rituals: an examination on the existence, economic and environmental relevance in a preliterate peoples ritual practices
  • Anatomical Illustrations (2011 independent research) Conservation International, Stony Brook University, New York, USA

Scholarships and prizes

  • 150th Anniversary Research Studentship, Oxford Brookes University (2015)
  • Sophie Danforth Conservation Biology Fund, Roger Williams Park Zoo (2014)
  • Geographical Fieldwork Grant, Royal Geographical Society with IBG (2014)
  • John Henry Brookes Scholarship, Oxford Brookes University (2013)

Other experience and professional activities

  • Canopy Journal Editorial Committee (2013 – 2014)
  • Little Fireface Project (2013 – Present) Research assistant studying wild Javan slow loris, Nycticebus javanicus in Cipaganti, West Java
  • Lomas Barbudal Monkey Project (2012 – 2013) Field researcher collecting wild behavioural data on Cebus capucinus
  • Institute for the Conservation of Tropical Environments (2011) Internship in the Propithecus Lab, analyzing/editing data on Milne-Edwards’ sifaka, Propithecus edwardsi. Stony Brook University, NY, USA
  • Fordham University (2011) Field assistant for Fordham University Biology Department, studying feeding ecology of migratory birds in urban and rural environments. Mianus River Gorge, Bedford, NY, USA; Bronx Zoo, Bronx, NY, USA