• An appendix** comes at the end (after the reference list) of a report, research project, or dissertation and contains any additional information such as raw data or interview transcripts. The information in the appendices is relevant but is too long or too detailed to include in the main body of your work. 

    **Note: Appendix is singular and appendices is plural. When you want to refer to one of your appendices, use appendix - for example, ‘See Appendix 1’.

    Our top tips


    Ensure everything in your appendices has a purpose. This short guide explains the relationship between your appendices and your assignment:


    Your appendices should have a clear labelling system (Appendix 1, Appendix 2, Appendix 3) and each item in the appendix should have a descriptive title saying what it is (‘Appendix 1: Flowchart of purchasing decision-making process).

    Refer to

    You need to refer to your appendices in the body of your assignment or the reader will not know they are there. Use a short phrase such as ‘See Appendix 1’. 


    If you have taken data, diagrams, or information from other sources to put in your appendices, you need to reference them as normal; include an in-text citation next to the item in your appendices and a full reference in your reference list. If you have created your own graphs or tables using data from another source you can explain this in your in-text citation: (Table author’s own, data from Jones, 2017).