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University regularly invites children and young people to access its facilities
and services for a wide variety of purposes. Examples include outreach
activities, school visits, residential's, hosting of work-experience placements
and Open Days. There are also a small number of undergraduates who start
studies at the beginning of an academic year who are under 18 and specific
areas of the University (such as research groups and the Nursery, etc.) who
have a very specific relationship with children and young people. This policy
also extends to students who may work with children for specific reasons such
as a research project or volunteering. Many of these activities, involving
University members of staff working with children or young people, are away
from parent/guardian and/or teacher supervision.
policy is separate to that of individual departmental policies, such as the
Nursery or the School of Education, but is intended to be an over-arching set
of procedures so that all staff across the University, who might be working
with children and/or young people as a regular part of their normal duties,
know how to respond if a child/young person discloses abuse and/or shows signs of
such. Even if you do not work with children; all staff have a responsibility
towards their safeguarding.
Brookes University recognises its responsibility for the safeguarding of
children. It is recognised also that Oxford Brookes University has a general
duty of care to provide a safe environment for all those working and studying
at the University as well as those who visit the campus.
than specific areas of the University that are expressly identified (e.g. the
Nursery) it is not intended that any staff have responsibility for providing
care or support for children.
and designating specific persons to fill bespoke roles surrounding child
safeguarding will enable this policy. Wider awareness raising for all relevant
staff will also be provided.
the purpose of this policy, the terms ‘child’, ‘children’, ‘young person’ or ‘young
people’ is to refer to a person or persons under the age of 18 (The Children
term ‘staff’ used in this policy refers to staff, students and volunteers
within the University.
policy applies to all staff and includes
any activity involving children.
University recognises that staff who work regularly with children are best
placed to notice changes in behaviour and/or physical injuries. Oxford Brookes
staff will therefore:
safeguarding practice starts with having in place effective procedures. Lines
of responsibility should be clear, with leadership from the senior management
level. Representatives from across the university should be involved in
implementation and in contributing to a culture in which safeguarding is
discussed openly. Staff with particular responsibilities will need appropriate
training and all staff need to be aware of the university’s policies and
procedures. For definitions of specific
safeguarding roles and responsibilities see Policy Appendix 1.
 Department for
Business Innovation & Skills (nee Innovation, University & Skills, 2007),
Children: Guidance for English Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) [online],http://www.bis.gov.uk/assets/biscore/corporate/migratedD/ec_group/D1672361207,
University aims to ensure the safeguarding of children attending University
premises or activities, as far as is reasonably practicable, by ensuring that
the following general measures are implemented:
 Formerly the CRB.
Senior Designated Safeguarding Officer(SDSO)
Designated Safeguarding Officers(DSOs)
SDSO for Oxford Brookes University will be the Director of Corporate Affairs
up to date list of DSOs can be found on the HR website or by contacting the HR
information is correct as of Sept 2013 and will be reviewed and updated as
It is recognised that some
members of the University will have only slight contact with children at work
and consequently may not be in a position to recognise abuse. (See Procedure
Appendix 1 for definitions of abuse).
The recognition of abuse is
not always easy and the University acknowledges that members of staff may not
be experienced in this area and will not easily know whether or not abuse is
taking place. Indeed, it is not the place of University members to make such a
judgement, but it is their responsibility to act on any concerns in order to
safeguard the welfare of the child.
following procedure should be adhered to if any person has concerns about the
safety of a child or if a disclosure is made, particularly if a child or
another adult says something or acts in such a way that abuse is suspected.
that those who abuse children can be of any age (even other children), gender,
ethnic background or class and it is important not to allow personal preconceptions
about people to prevent appropriate action taking place.
the following advice and guidance is given:
staff have a responsibility for action in cases of suspected child abuse or
neglect. See Procedure Appendix 1 for definitions of abuse. University
staff are encouraged to discuss any concerns with a DSO in the University.
effort should be made to maintain confidentiality. Suspicions must not be
discussed with anyone else on campus other than the SDSO or DSOs. If the
SDSO/DSO is absent then individuals should not delay and contact Oxford’s
Children’s Social Care Team. For contact details, see Procedure Appendix 2
no circumstances should members of the University carry out their own
investigation into suspicions or allegations of abuse, neither should they
question children closely, as to do so may distort any investigation that may
be carried out subsequently by the Police or Social Services.
of how the initial assessment develops, the DSO responding to the
issue/allegations will follow up with all relevant parties/stakeholders to
ensure it was concluded
any incident or suspicion to a DSO or SDSO through the ‘Incident Report form’
see Procedure Appendix 3
members of the University (including those members with obligations to
particular codes of conduct/professional ethics that may be thought to
constrain their actions) are required to report or act on any disclosures or
allegations of abuse that involve a member of the University and that have
taken place on campus or on University business. This must be in line with both
the Children Act (2004) and current Health and Safety legislation (so that the
risks either of further abuse and of litigation against the University, can be
eliminated or removed).
University recognises the importance of having a procedure in place for dealing
with allegations against staff and volunteers who work with children. This
procedure must aim to strike a balance between the need to protect children
from abuse and the need to protect staff and volunteers from false or unfounded
a member of staff has concerns about a child’s safety or a child confides in a
member of staff, in relation to another member of staff’s actions, they should:
to follow allegation:
University acknowledges that such allegations are highly sensitive and will
ensure that confidentiality is maintained throughout the assessment and
If the initial assessment
reveals a need for further investigations then there may be up to three strands
in the consideration of an allegation:
The University may also be requested to provide information and help
agree how the social services team and/or the Police will undertake their
 As per Working together to safeguard children
members of the University should be encouraged to demonstrate exemplary
behaviour when working with children. The following are common sense examples
of how to create a positive culture and climate.
University recognises that children who have been abused, or witness violence,
may find it difficult to develop a sense of self-worth. They can feel
helplessness, humiliation and a sense of blame. Brookes may provide the only
stability in the lives of some children and we will endeavour to support them
is recognised that staff may need support after receiving a disclosure from a
child and appropriate counselling will be offered by the University.
definitions below are brief and reproduced from the government guidance ‘What To Do If You're Worried A Child Is
Abuse and neglect are forms
of maltreatment – a person may abuse or neglect a child by inflicting harm, or
by failing to act to prevent harm. Children and young people may be abused in a
family or in an institutional or community setting; by those known to them or,
more rarely, by a stranger.
Physical abuse is a form of
abuse which may involve hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or
scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child.
Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms
of, or deliberately induces, illness in a child
is the persistent emotional maltreatment of a child such as to cause
severe and persistent adverse effects on the child’s
emotional development It may involve conveying
to children that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate, or valued only
insofar as they meet the needs of another person, age or developmentally
inappropriate expectations being imposed on children, causing children
frequently to feel frightened, or the exploitation or corruption of children. Children
who witness domestic violence, even if it is not directed at them, can also be
affected in this category. Some level of emotional abuse is involved in
all types of maltreatment of a child, though it may occur alone.
Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person
to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is
happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative
or non-penetrative acts. They may include involving children in looking at, or
in the production of, pornographic material, or encouraging children to behave
in sexually inappropriate ways. Sexual abuse can also include trafficking for
sexual exploitation through physical coercion and/or deception.
Neglect is the persistent failure
to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs, likely to result
in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. Neglect may
occur during pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse. Once a child is
born, neglect may involve a parent or carer failing to: provide adequate food,
clothing and shelter (including exclusion from home or abandonment); protect a
child from physical and emotional harm or danger; ensure adequate supervision
(including the use of inadequate care-givers); or ensure access to appropriate
medical care or treatment. It may also include neglect of, or unresponsiveness
to, a child’s basic emotional needs.
Bullying is the persistent, intentional harming of another
person within an unequal power relationship. Bullying can be verbal, written or
physical. Cyber-bullying is included within this and could be actions that use
information and communication technologies to support deliberate, repeated, and
hostile behaviour by an individual or group, that is intended to harm another
Department for Education and Skills (2006), What to do if you’re worried a child is being abused [online], https://www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/6840-DfES-IFChildAbuse.pdf